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JSGPanels Reference Manual for FMC

 

FMC Version X06

For FSX

 

UNIVERSAL FMC for Microsoft Flight Simulator FSX ©

 

THIS PACKAGE INCLUDES THE FMC DESIGNED FOR MOST OF THE FSX © AIRCRAFT AND INCLUDES THE SOUND PACKAGE.

Author:            JSGPanels

www.jsgpanels.com

Support email:            jsgpanels.jsgpanels@wanadoo.fr

Please consult the FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTION at:

 

http://www.jsgpanels.com/EAFAQ.htm

 

before requesting support by mail. Thank you.

HP02

SUMMARY

1 - CONTENTS OF THE PACKAGE

2 – INSTALLATION

3 – TIPS BEFORE YOU START

4 – THE FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER

o   General presentation

o   Control Unit

o   CDU Fonction pages

5 - AUDIO ENHANCEMENTS

6 – PERFORMANCES AND TESTING

7 – CREDITS

8 – AUTHOR'S RESPONSIBILITY

9 - GUARANTEE

10– COPYRIGHT AND DISTRIBUTION

APPENDIX

- WHERE TO CLICK

- MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION

MACH – KNOTS – ALTITUDE

SUPPORTED AIRCRAFT IN THE PRESENT VERSION

FLAPS VALUES ACCEPTED BY THE FMC

 

*****

 

 

 

1 – FOREWORDS CONCERNING THIS NEW UPDATE X06:

 

 

PROGRAM NAME: the name of the FMC gauge is not changed so you have no change to do in your panel.cfg files.

But MAKE A BACKUP copy of your present FMC gauge files before installing this new update. (folder JSG-FMCGen in .../Gauges folder)

 

 

NIGHT LIGHTING: the new FMC has been adapted to the aicraft lighting. But some aircraft use the panel of another aircraft. In this case some difference can appear in the color. We have tried to get the most realistic color according to the actual aircraft.

 

 

CRUISE ALTITUDE parameter is VERY IMPORTANT: it generates the ECON CRUISE SPEED computing.

 

 

AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION:

 

1 - The FMC identify the aircraft reading the "ATC MODEL" in the aircraft.cfg file.

Many designers use some fancyful names for this parameter: for exemple B747-MyAircraft or B744 for the Boeing 747. In this case the FMC cannot recognize the aircraft type. Just type and enter the aircraft type for exemple "747" in the "IDENT" parameter of the FMC. The accepted codes are listed in the attached sheet "AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTICS" (green column).

 

2 – Some packages use an aircraft type and a different panel, for exemple a 737 panel for a 727 aircraft. In this case the FMC is displayed with the aircraft color which may be different of the one of the panel.

 

On request, some more aircraft will be added in future version of the FMC. All your remarks and suggestions will be welcome.

 

 

LOAD AND FUEL:

 

For heavy aircraft, the weight and fuel load are the ones in the aircraft.cfg files.

Depending on the designer these can be a different.

The "fuel consumption", MDTF and MFT in the “PROGRESS” page are average ones. The MDTF depends on the speed, the altitude, ... and cannot be 1 nm precise.

 

 

SLOW AIRCRAFT: Cessna,

 

The usual ECON climb speed is 280/300 knots and descent 300 for jets.

Using the FMC with small aircraft such as the CESSNA 172 these speeds are not compatible.

In this case enter the desired speed in the FMC or do not use VNAV.

 

Same thing for the ALTITUDE. The usual VERTICAL SPEED 1000 or 1500 feet/mn is not compatible.

In this case do not use the VNAV function of the FMC and enter the ALTITUDE and V/S in your autopilot.

 

The LNAV and other functions remain operational.

 

 

COST INDEX: this is used by jet only. It is not used for small aircraft.

 

BIG/SMALL AIRCRAFT AND SPEEDS: the FMC makes difference between big aircraft such as B747 and small aircraft like Cessna 172. For big aircraft the FMC computes the ECON CRUISE SPEED, V1, VR and V2 according to the cruise altitude and COST INDEX and load. For small these SPEEDS are fixed.

Refer to the attached sheet “AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTICS”.

 

 

FMC WINDOW SIZE ADJUSTING: the FMC window size depends on the initial panel definition. This may be too large or too small.

 You can adjust the FMC window size. Modify the following line in the panel.cfg file:

 

windowsize_ratio=1.000

 

and modify 1.000. For exemple replace 1.000 by 0.500 will make a half sized window. Or 1.2 and size will be

1.5 times greater.

.....

//****** FMC WINDOW *********

[Window15]

size_mm=315,385

windowsize_ratio=1.000

position=7

window_size=315,385

VISIBLE=1

ident=999

gauge00= JSGx03SoundGen!GLX03SoundGen,0,0                   JSGPanels

gauge01=JSG-FMCGen!glx06-FMCGEN,0,0,315,385               JSGPanels

.....

 

NEW SUPPORTED AIRCRAFT

A lot of new aircraft are supported in this version. The following aircraft are supported by the FMC:

 

CONCORDE

BOEING 707, 727, 737, 757, 767, 777, 747, B52,

AIRBUS A321, A340, A380,

MC DOUGLAS MD80,MD83, MD11

BOMBARDIER CRJ700, Lear 45, Lear60

DOUGLAS DC3, DC10,

LOOKHEED C130, C135,

EXTRA 300,

GRUMAN GOOSE G21A,

DE HAVILLAND DHC2, DH88Comet

MAULE M7,

CESSNA 172, 182, 208,

MOONEY M20T,

PIPER J3,

BEECHCRAFT Baron 58, King Air 350,

 

 

PUSHBACK:

 

This new lines are added in the panel.cfg to display the trucker when pushing back:

 

// TRUCK DISPLAY Optional ************************************** 

gauge98=JSG-FMCGen!glx04-Truck,449,190                                JSGPanels

// DISPLAY HIDE FMC WINDOW SWITCH Optional *********************

gauge99=JSG-FMCGen!glx03-FMCSwitch,768,745,19,19                       JSGPanels

 

You can adjust the position on the screen changing the values 449 and/or 190.

 

 

 

 

1 – CONTENTS OF THE PACKAGE                   summary of the document

 

This package includes a sophisticated FMC and a SOUND PACKAGE.

 

The FMC FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER manages the FLIGHT PLAN and all the main functions necessary to fly: COMM and VORs radios retrieval, HOLD function, FIX function and more. See FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER for detailed technical documentation.

 

The SOUND PACAKAGE adds sounds to the devices which have sounds and the voice of the copilot. See AUDIO ENHANCEMENTS for detailed technical documentation.

 

You can install this package in most of the FSX © aircraft. Even if an FMC is designed to use mainly in heavy aircraft, you can add to small ones in helicopters and get advantage of all the functionalities.

 

 

WHAT IS NEW IN THIS VERSION X06 FOR FSX:

 

 

NEW DESCENT CONTROL

Two events trigger the aircraft to start descent:

-         The next waypoint altitude,

-         The 1/3 rule which is: the descent is initialized when distance to destination airport is less than 1/3rd of the altitude (FLxxx). Exemple: flying at 30000 feet, FL300, the descent must start at 300/3=100 nmiles. The first happening event triggers the descent.

 

TAXI SPEED

You can control a specified speed when taxiing in an airport. Select MENU then TAXI page. The usual taxi speed when onground is up to 25 knots.

 

 

2 –INSTALLATION                                 summary of the document

 

2 – 1 INSTALLATION/UNINSTALLATION

 

When the software is installed, the FMC is automatically installed in the FSX standard Airbus A321.

 

To uninstall, go to the START MENU, choose Flight Simulator X and click on the JSGPanels FMC Uninstall.

 

Make a backup copy BEFORE you uninstall.

 

To help us enhance the quality of this product, please let us know of any problem you encounter when using it. THANKS IN ADVANCE.

 

 

2 – 2 INSTALLATION IN ANY OTHER AIRCRAFT

 

Practically you can install the FMC in any FSX © aircraft even if installing in a Piper is a non sense. The FMC is able to recognize a lot of aircraft by itself and adjust its internal parameters according to this aircraft. Nevertheless some aircraft are defined differently, exemple 744 for Boeing 747. In this case, then enter the type of aircraft: exemple 380 for Airbus A380 or 767 for Boeing 767. Then all the internal parameters such as weight, speeds, flaps, etc… will be ajusted to the correct value.

 

You can install the FMC in as many aircraft a you wish in your FSX ©. There is no limitation of the number of aircraft.

 

To install in other panel just add the following lines to the panel.cfg of your choice add the red lines in the panel .cfg:

 

 

FOR THE FMC:

 

 

….

Window12=Mini Panel

....

WindowXX=FMC

….

[Window00]

file………..

……..

 

……..

//****** FMC WINDOW *********

[WindowXX]

size_mm=315,385

windowsize_ratio=1.000

position=7

window_size=315,385

VISIBLE=1

ident=999

gauge00=JSGx06SoundFMC!GLX06SoundGen,0,0                  JSGPanels

gauge01=JSG-FMCGen!glx06-FMCGEN,0,0,315,385               JSGPanels

 

Where XX is a numberwhich is at least equal to the number of the last window + 1.

 

 

FOR THE TRUCK WINDOW and THE FMC WINDOW SWITCH:

 

At the end of the Window00 paragraph, add the following lines:

 

Window00=……….

……….

// TRUCK DISPLAY Optional **************************************         

gauge98=JSG-FMCGen!glx04-Truck,449,190                             JSGPanels

// DISPLAY HIDE FMC WINDOW SWITCH Optional *********************

gauge99=JSG-FMCGen!glx03-FMCSwitch,768,745,19,19        JSGPanels

 

Window01=…..

……….

 

 

That’s all. You then can run FSX ©.

 

 

2 – 3 INITIALIZATION

 

 

When loading the panel for the first time, at initialization you get the following message (depending on the language you use):

 

Execute

 

CLICK ON “EXECUTE”

 

 

Then you get the following message (depending on the language you use):

 

 

 

Execute Yes No

 

 

CLICK ON: “YES”.

 

 

 

3 - TIPS BEFORE YOU START         summary of the document

 

The FMC “FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER” controls the flight, this doesn’t mean the pilot has NOTHING TO DO !!!

 

a)Please read this documentation carefully even if you are an expert in flying.

b)      Use the FMC VNAV and LNAV switches IN PREFERENCE TO those of the panels (if these exist).

c)Do not load a panel over another one in which you have left some switches ON else you may well "confuse" the panel.

d)     The values in some gauges are interpreted differently depending on whether the aircraft is in the TAKE OFF or LANDING phase. The aircraft is considered to be "in the air" when it is above 1000 feet and "landing" when it is below 900 feet. For this reason you should ALWAYS climb above 1000 feet after take off, even when you intend to turn back for an emergency landing (1000 feet is in any case, of course, a very low and dangerous minimum). For the same reason, you should not load a flight in which the aircraft is already in the air.

e)When creating a FLIGHTPLAN, FS includes as 1st waypoint the VOR of the departure airport. Cancel this waypoint too closed to the runway. A such short turn is impossible with a big jet.

f)    COST INDEX: used to compute cruise speed for jets. Use preferably a low cost index for low cruise altitudes, exemple 1000 for 18000 feet, and a higher one for higher cruise altitudes, exemple 9000 for 36000 feet. If none value is entered, 1 is assumed.

g)      Set the AUTO RUDDER OFF or you will have difficulties to take off. Parameter is in “Aircraft/Realism Settings/Flight Control/Autorudder”.

 

 

4 . 5. THE FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER (FMC)

                                                            summary of the document

 

FMC SUMMARY:

 

FMC Overview

 

FMC GENERAL FUNCTIONS

FMC: The Control Display Unit (CDU)

FMC: Pre-flight procedure

FMC Pre-take-off procedure

AUTOLAND

 

FMC THE CDU FUNCTION PAGES

The MENU page

The ACT RTE page

The INIT/REF INDEX page

The IDENT page

The POS INIT (position) page

The PERF INIT page

The THRUST LIMIT pages

The TAKE OFF page

The APPROACH page

The DEP ARR page

The ALTERNATE AIRPORT PAGE page

The ATC page

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CLB page

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CRZ page

The (VNAV) MOD ECON DES page

The APPROACH page

The DEP ARR page

The ATC page

The LEGS pages (page 1 of n pages)

The last LEGS page (page n of n)

The PROGRESS page

The HOLD pages

The COM RADIO page

The NAV RADIO page

The FIX PAGE

The PUSHBACK page

The CHECKLISTS page

The SOUND page

The TAXI SPEED Page

 

 

 

FMC Overview                                          FMC SUMMARY

 

At initialization, the FMC looks like this.

 

 

 

It contains many powerful features. It will:

 

 

a)      Follow an FSX FLIGHTPLAN (or by other software and imported into FSX),  including the selected APPROACH PHASE, both horizontally and vertically and in accordance with defined speeds,  allowing it to be changed if required during the flight;

 

b)      Manage the TAKE-OFF thrusts and the climb thrust TOGA, MAX THRUST, CRUISE and AUTOMATIC according to the economic index and weather parameters;

 

c)      Calculate optimum V1, VR, V2 and cruise speed according to the cruise altitude; calculating speeds in both knots AND mach;

 

d)     Control the LNAV (Longitudinal Navigation) and VNAV (Vertical Navigation) functions when climbing, cruising and descending, taking into account economic speeds and altitudes, user-modified speeds and altitudes and TRANSIT and RESTRICTED speeds and altitudes;

 

e)      Manage the function cruise “economic climb” when the aircraft loses weight due to fuel having been burned, in accordance with either the ICAO standard or a user-defined value;

 

f)   Manage the complete HOLD function at an actual position, programmed altitude or at a predefined waypoint with adjustable leg time or distance, speed and altitude;

 

g)      Manage the FIX function, for heading to a specified VOR;

 

h)      Display all necessary information relating to:

ATC - flight number, aircraft ident, etc...,

VNAV - speeds and altitudes,

LEGS - giving for each the waypoint, heading, distance and altitude,

PROGRESS - the actual position, the previous and next waypoints and the Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) and fuel at the destination airport,

APPROACH SPEED - useful information on the flap settings and corresponding speed limits required during an approach, speed and aircraft weight,

NAV – this displays radios, both active and standby, OBS and radials. Searches and retrieves the NAV ILS & COMM codes by entering the ICAO name directly in the FMC.

COMM - radios, both active and standby, transponder and ADF,

POSITION - the current position of the aircraft at the departure airport and (for fun) the three positions of the three IRSs (Inertial Reference Systems);

 

i)        Allow direct data entry of all data into all function pages, VORs ILSs and STARs retrieval by entering directly the ICAO code with mouse clicks on the FMC keyboard itself on the screen;

 

j)        Follow the APPRAOCH and TRANSITION retrieved as described above,

 

k)      Allow the brightness of the display to be adjusted for night flights on both the FMC and the PFD (Primary Flight Display) MFD (Multi Functions display), RADIOs and EICAS Upper and Lower;

 

l)        Allow the aircraft to be flown manually (providing the ROUTE has not been activated);

 

m)    Retrieve an ALTERNATE AIRPORT depending on runway length and airport distance,

 

n)      The brightness of the FMC screen can be adjusted,

 

o)      Last but not least, manage the fully automatic autoland, from the ILS capture to the full stop on the runway.

 

 

 

However it will NOT:

 

Create directly flight plans. (However Flight Simulator itself and other good quality software packages available on the Net do it so well.)

 

 

 

FMC GENERAL FUNCTIONS                    FMC SUMMARY

 

The FMC is the primary means of navigation and automatic flight along the route. It is controlled by using the CDU (Control Display Unit).

 

To enter data simply click on the keys on the FMC keyboard and then click on the button on the CDU next to the < or > in the window. If you make a mistake or enter incorrect data, simply click on the CLR key to erase the data and then re-enter it. Additionally, the FMC speed commands can be overridden by pushing the MCP (Mode Control Panel) speed selector knob and selecting a different speed.

 

The FMC computes the take-off speeds for V1, VR and V2 and thrust settings.

 

It calculates the optimal Vertical (altitude) and Speed profiles for the Climb, Cruise and Descent stages of a flight. This calculation accounts for any altitude and speed restrictions defined for enroute waypoints and for speed restrictions and transitions set for climb and descent. The vertical and speed profile can be flown automatically using the VNAV autopilot mode. The crew can level the aircraft off at any assigned altitude without leaving the VNAV mode by modifying the altitude on the VNAV page.

 

Based on a computed optimum altitude, it automatically calculates Step Climb points to minimize fuel consumption by climbing to higher altitudes as fuel burns and the weight of the aircraft decreases.

 

It allows the flight progress monitoring by estimating the time of arrival and remaining fuel to both the next waypoint and the destination airport.

 

It automatically computes the TOD (Top of Descent) point which allows the aircraft to descend on idle or minimal thrust in order to minimize fuel consumption.

 

Holding patterns can be automatically flown in LNAV either at the present position or any defined altitude.

 

DATA ENTRY: to enter numeric or alphanumeric data, click directly on the FMC keyboard and, if necessary the “decimal point” and/or the “/” and/or  + or -, then click on the desired switch on the CDU corresponding to < or >. If you did a mistake, then click on the CLR switch to erase the entered data.

 

 

 
FMC: The Control Display Unit (CDU)
                                                                     FMC SUMMARY

 

FMC - CDU Summary

 

The CDU contains many pages, each of which relates to a specific FMC function. They are selected with the Mode Select keys. In addition, some keys such as INIT REF and VNAV themselves contain several sub-pages.

 

Pressing a key automatically displays a page containing data updated to reflect the current contents of the FMC, the location of the aircraft and the setting of the controls. Pages can also be selected by pressing the PREV PAGE or NEXT PAGE buttons or can be chosen from a list by selecting the < INDEX prompt.

 

a)      INIT REF:

q  IDENT displays the aircraft and engine model, the nav data used and the nav data validity times,

q  POS INIT displays the IRS position initialization,

q  PERF INIT (Performance Initialization) displays the aircraft weights, cruise altitude and cost index,

q  THRUST LIMIT displays the reference thrust limits, reduced and derated thrust,

q  TAKE OFF REF displays the take-off VNAV profile and take-off reference speeds,

q  APPROACH REF displays the Approach reference speeds,

q  MENU displays simulator-specific functions;

b)      RTE displays the route origin and the destination airport;

c)      DEP ARR allows to search for an approach procedure for a given airport

d)     NAV:

q  CLB VNAV displays the climb parameters,

q  CRZ VNAV displays the cruise parameters,

q  DES VNAV displays the descent parameters ;

e)      LEGS displays the enroute waypoints;

f)       HOLD displays the holding pattern parameters;

g)      PROGRESS displays flight progress and time/fuel estimations;

h)      MENU displays simulator-specific functions,

i)        NAV RADIO displays the navigation radios.

 

 

FMC Pre-flight procedure                                         FMC SUMMARY

 

VERY IMPORTANT: to enter correct values and flightplan follow the initialisation procedure of the FMC exactly as described below.

 

ON THE FMC:

 

a)     Load a fligplan;

b)     The IDENT page is displayed at initialization. Verify the engine type and nav data times. (Real aircraft operations are illegal if the nav data is expired);

c)     Select the POS INIT page. Verify the IRS positions are displayed;

d)    Select the ROUTE page and activate the route by selecting ACTIVATE. EXEC lights up yellow. The  previously-loaded flightplan is active;

e)     Press the INIT REF key and  select the INDEX prompt;

f)      Open the PERF INIT page. Enter the economic index (1-9999) you want to use. (1 is the most economical setting, 9999 causes the most expensive fuel consumption - but the fastest speed!);

a)     Enter the cruise altitude format is FLXXX where XXX is the altitude in hundreds. Exemple for 28000 feet enter FL280,

b)      

c)     Open the THRUST LIM page. Select the desired take-off thrust and arm the desired Climb thrust. (Normal is TO and CLB.) Enter the ambient temperature.

d)    Open the TAKE OFF page. Enter the runway conditions D(DRY) or W(WET);

e)     Enter the flaps setting you want to use. This depends on the aircraft type. See attached FLAPS VALUES.

f)      Confirm the computed V speeds by clicking on the corresponding >. (The TRIM position for take-off is suggested by the FMC);

g)     Enter the END OF ACCELERATION height and the THRUST REDUCTION height as desired. (Normally 1000 and 2000 feet.) NOTE: these show the height above the ground and NOT the altitude above sea level!

 

The pre-flight process is complete and the FMC is ready to guide the aircraft laterally, vertically and at the selected speeds along the route when the LNAV and VNAV modes have been engaged in the FMC VNAV pages:

 

FMCVNAVLNAV

 

 

 

FMC Pre-take-off procedure                                   FMC SUMMARY

 

ON THE MCP:

a)     click A/T ON;

b)     click FD ON;

c)     position the FLAPS as entered in the FMC;

d)    set the TRIM position at least at the position indicated by the TAKE OFF FMC;

 

VERY IMPORTANT- NEVER SWITCH THE MASTER AUTOPILOT “ON” WHEN ON THE GROUND OR BEFORE THE TAKE-OFF HAS BEEN COMPLETED! ON GROUND THIS MAKES THE TRIM TO BE ADJUSTED TO THE HIGHER POSITION. THIS WILL MAKE THE TAKE OFF QUITE IMPOSSIBLE;

 

 

e)     control the take-off with the Yoke until you set the autopilot on;

f)      set the MASTER AUTOPILOT ON when above the END OF   ACCELERATION height.

g)     set VNAV and LNAV when necessary.

 

The aircraft is then under the control of the FMC and the MCP and in automatic flight.

 

 

FULLY AUTOMATIC LANDING

A fully automatic landing procedure (AUTOLAND) is provided. Note that this is ONLY operational when the flaps are in landing position, autopilot is ON and Autoland is NOT cancelled in the APPROACH PAGE of the FMC (see below). The process starts when the aircraft is just beneath 100 feet above the runway. (The Autoland may, of course, be perturbed by strong lateral winds.)

 

 

What you have to do:

 

-When approaching capture the ILS beam with AUTOPILOT ON and APPR/LOC ON, set the spoilers on ARM and set the AUTOBRAKE as desired,

-Then let the aircraft follow the ILS beam down to the runway,

-Adjust the landing speed and set the flaps according to the approach speed. The aircraft must be stable when entering the Autoland process.

 

(A little tip: in FS the standard command key for AUTOTHROTTLE OFF is SHIFT+R which is not very easy to type when you are busy trying to land! Replace it by a single keystroke, for example < or Tab which are normally not used. Tab is better since < is not easy to use in xml files for voice recognition)

 

-The Autoland process is automatically started as soon as the aircraft descends below 100 feet.

 

Below 100 feet:

AUTOTHROTTLE is set OFF, AUTOBRAKE is set ON.

 

Below 50feet:

AUTOTHROTTLE, AUTOPILOT and AIRSPEED are set OFF. Nose rises UP.

 

CONTROL THE AIRCRAFT TO ARISE THE NOSE UP JUST BEFORE TOUCH DOWN.

 

When ONGROUND:

When speed is below 150 knots, SPOILERS are deployed and REVERSE is set ON,

When speed is below 30 knots, TROTTLE is set to 0, SPOILERS are retracted, AUTOBRAKE is set to 0 and FLAPS are retracted.

 

 

EMERGENCY

 

In an emergency situation you can de-activate the Autoland process at any moment by switching down the LOWER KEY on the Autopilot on the Main Panel and taking back manual control of the yoke and throttle.

 

SOME TIPS FOR USING AUTOLAND

 

To capture the beam your speed must be slow enough (about 220 knots) and you must arrive BENEATH the beam and at an angle of LESS THAN 25°,

 

The normal landing speed of the 747 is about 165 knots, depending on the load of the aircraft. For example, with a minimum load this speed can be lowered to 155 knots. The Autoland process has been designed for a speed of 165 knots,

 

Remember that, when on the ground, the indicated radio height is 18 feet which is the height of the cockpit. This is the radio height given in the PFD. However, if you use a sound system, check which radio height is actually given -  cockpit or wheel above ground.

 

CANCELLING AUTOLAND BEFORE LANDING

If you do not wish to use it you can inhibit the Autoland before landing. To do this just click on the corresponding switch on the right-hand side of the APPROACH PAGE of the FMC as shown in the following picture:

 

 

FMCApproach2

 

 

 
FMC THE CDU FUNCTION PAGES         FMC SUMMARY

 

The MENU page

 

To access press the MENU key.

 

 

 

NAV calls the NAV page

COMM calls the COMM page

 

 

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

FMCMenu

 

ENG START autostarts all 4 engines

SHUT DOWN shuts down all 4 engines

REINIT VALUES  reinitializes all values for a new flight

MAP VIEW calls MAP VIEW

KNEE BOARD calls the KNEEBOARD

PUSHBACK starts stops PUSHBACK

 

RE-INITIALIZATION PROCEDURE TO BE USED WHEN STARTING A SECOND FLIGHT (OR, OF COURSE, FLIGHTPLAN):

 

1. De-activate the existing Flightplan by clicking on the EXEC button (if it is lit up

yellow);

2. Load the new Flightplan, using the standard FSX procedure;

3. Re-initialize the values in the FMC by clicking on "REINIT VALUES >" (causing

it to display in Bright mode);

4Activate the new Flightplan by clicking on "ACTIVATE >" in the ROUTE window.

 

 

The ACT RTE page                                                        FMC SUMMARY

 

To access press the RTE key.

 

 

KPHX - departure airport

 

[CO ROUTE is not yet implemented]

 

2074 - the runway length recommended by ATC

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

Route01

 

KLAX - destination airport

 

FLT NO - ATC flight number

 

 

 

ACTIVATE activates the loaded flightplan

When the Route is activated the EXEC button is lit YELLOW (Clicking on EXEC deactivates the route)

 

 

Clicking on the ACTIVATE > right button to activate the loaded flightplan initializes all the implicit values for speeds and altitudes.

 

 

FLIGHTPLAN CHANGE WHILE FLYING

 

If you wish to you can change a Flightplan partway through a flight.

 

To do this simply go to the Flight Simulator FLIGHT PLANNER and create or load a new Flightplan which has the SAME departure airport as the previous one but a DIFFERENT destination airport. When you have done this, Flight Simulator will ask you if you would like it to move the aircraft back to the departure airport. Of course, reply NO (!). The new Flightplan is then automatically loaded into the FMC.

 

However, in order to make this new Flightplan work correctly, you MUST yourself change it to make the NEXT waypoint along it from your current position the FIRST one in the list. To do this you MUST immediately cancel ALL the waypoints from the new Flightplan which the aircraft would already have passed through if that Flightplan had been in use from the beginning of the flight.

 

Example: Your first operational Flightplan is from Phoenix to Los Angeles.

 

 

FP-KPHX-KLAX

 

 

 

Part of the way through the flight you decide to fly to San Diego instead. So you create a new Flightplan which looks like this.

 

FP-KPHX-KSAN

 

 

However, the new NEXT waypoint must be ahead of the aircraft. GBN, JUDTH, MOHAK and BZA are all behind it and so you have to IMMEDIATELY cancel them from the new Flightplan. If not, the FMC will consider the NEXT waypoint to be the FIRST waypoint out from Phoenix (GBN) and so will proceed to turn the aircraft round and fly back to it!

 

In this example all waypoints between Phoenix and IPL have been cancelled and the new Flightplan looks like this.

 

FP-KPHX-KSAN-New

 

 

When changing the Flightplan in this way you must ensure that the result is logically consistent with what you want to do because, being a computer program, the FMC will always do exactly what it  is instructed to do - and only that. However, if you do take care, the FMC will change over to and execute the new Flightplan correctly.

 

 

The INIT/REF INDEX page                                             FMC SUMMARY

 

To access press the INIT REF key.

 

 

IDENT calls the IDENT page

POS calls the POS INIT page

PERF calls the PERF INIT page

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

TAKE OFF calls the TAKE OFF page

APPROACH calls the APPROACH page

 

FMCInitRefIndex

FMCInitRefIndex

 

[NAV DATA displays information about airports and radios]

[ALTNalternate airport page]

 

 

 

 

 

MENU calls the MENU page

 

 

(The following six sub-pages are all accessed from the INIT/REF INDEX page)

 

 

The IDENT page                                                            FMC SUMMARY

 

A321 - aircraft identification

 

Microsoft FSX © - FS release

 

JSGFMCGEN-V.X06 - version of  FMC used

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

CFM56-B3 - engines type

 

Jan 2011 - peremption date (just for fun!) or “best before date”. But, of course, FMC will run beyond this date;

  

 

POS calls the POS INIT page

 

 

 

SUPPORTED AIRCRAFT IN THE PRESENT VERSION:

 

The following aircraft are supported by the FMC:

 

CONCORDE

AIRBUS A321, A340, A380,

BEECHCRAFT Baron 58, King Air 350,

BOEING 707, 727, 737, 757, 767, 777, 747, B52, MD11, MD81, MD83,

BOMBARDIER CRJ700, Lear 45, Lear60

CESSNA 172, 182, 208,

DE HAVILLAND DHC2,

MC D.DOUGLAS MD11, MD81, MD83,

DOUGLAS DC3, DC10,

EXTRA 300,

GRUMAN GOOSE G21A,

MAULE M7,

MOONEY Bravo M20T,

PIPER J3,

LOOKHEED C130,

 

In FS each aircraft is identified by an AIRCRAFT TYPE CODE. Unfortunately, this code may be different for the same aircraft depending on the designer of the aircraft !!!

 

The FMC cannot know all these codes. So if the aircraft you select is not a standard one, enter the following code (FIRST COLUMN) in the FMC IDENT PAGE: for exemple 737 for the BOEING 737 or 80 for the MD83. The accepted codes are the following, in first column (see also the attached “AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTIC” sheet).

 

 

  1       AIRBUS      CONCORDE
  707     BOEING      B707          B707
  727     BOEING      B727          B727
  737     BOEING      B734 B737 B738 B737
  747     BOEING      B747 B744     B747
  757     BOEING      B757          B757
  767     BOEING      B764 B767     B767
  777     BOEING      B773          B767
  787     BOEING      B787          B787

  52      BOEING      B52           B52
  321     AIRBUS      A321          A321
  340     AIRBUS      A340          A340
  380     AIRBUS      A380          A380
  80      MCDOUGLAS   MD80 MD80     MD80
  81      MCDOUGLAS   MD80 MD80     MD80
  83      MCDOUGLAS   MD80 MD83     MD83
  700     BOMBARDIER  CRJ700        CRJ700
  45      BOMBARDIER  LJ45          LEARJET 45          
  60      BOMBARDIER  LJ60          LEARJET 60
  3       DOUGLAS     DC3           DC3

  10      MAC DOUGLAS DC10          DC10

  130     LOOKHEED    C130          HERCULE

  300     EXTRA300    E300

  21      GRUMAN      G21A          GOOSE
  200     DE HAVILLAND              DHC2             DASH
  7       MAULE       M7            M7
  172     CESSNA      C172          C172
  182     CESSNA      C182          C182
  208     CESSNA      C208          C208
  20      MOONEY      M20T          BRAVO
  33      PIPER       J3            J3CUB
  58      BEECHCRAFT  BE58          Baron 58
  350     BEECHCRAFT  B350          King Air 350

 

 

In the second column are the aircraft builders and in the 3rd column are the aircraft FS code the FMC knows. In the 4th column is the builder commercial name.

 

 

The POS INIT (position) page                                           FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

[FIND is not yet implemented]

 

[ALL is not yet implemented]

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

FMCPOS

 

LAST POS - last marked position

AIRCRAFT POS - current position of aircraft

NEXT POS - position of next waypoint

IRS POS (just for fun) - the three IRS positions

ROUTE calls the ROUTE page

 

 

At initialisation, the IRS positions are not displayed:

 

 

When parked at the gate, before the aircraft moves, click on the right switch then the aircraft position is automatically entered in the 3 IRS’s.

 

 

 

The PERF INIT page                                                      FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COST INDEX - the economic index (entered as a value between 1 and 9999)

 

INITREF

 

FL 275 - the entered cruise altitude

 

478 knots - the calculated cruise speed

 

STEP SIZE - step to climb (see VNAV cruise)

 

 

COST INDEX is used as a way of calculating the most suitable flight speed. Higher values result in higher speeds but cause more fuel to be burned and reduce the maximum range of the flight. Conversely, lower values result in lower speeds but cause less fuel to be burned and increase the maximum range of the flight. A value must be entered to obtain an ECON SPEED in VNAV cruise.

ENTRIES FORMT 1 to 9999 is the following:

X

XX

XXX

XXXX

 

COST INDEX can be modified at any time during a flight. It is a convenient way of adjusting the Cruise Speed.

 

This COST INDEX is only used for jets.

 

 

The THRUST LIMIT pages (page 1 of 2)                            FMC SUMMARY

 

 

25.0 ° - the selected ambient temperature

 

TO      )  - selected engine

-5 %    ) thrust for the first

-15 %  ) phase of the take-off

 

 

 INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

FMCThrustLimit

 

1.04 - the selected thrust limit

 

CLB    )  - the thrust

CLB1  ) selected for the

CLB2  ) climb phase

 

 

 

TAKE OFF calls the TAKE OFF page

 

 

All thrust parameters selected are also displayed in the new upper EICAS window included in this package.

 

Enter the ambient temperature. This temperature is used by the FMC to compute various thrusts. Choose between TO, -5% or -15% by clicking on the corresponding button.

 

Arm CLB or CLB 1 or CLB 2 for the climbing phase. There are three phases when taking off:

a)      From ground to END OF ACCELERATION HEIGHT - choose between TO,

-5% or -15% to adjust the thrust you want to use;

b)      From END OF ACCELERATION HEIGHT to THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT - thrust will be reduced to maintain 280 knots (1).

c)      CLIMBING PHASE from THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT to CRUISE ALTITUDE. Thrust will be adjusted according to the thrust previously entered into CLB, CLB1 or CLB2.

 

Page 2 of the THRUST LIMIT page (see below) is automatically displayed when the aircraft is above the THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT.

 

 

 

The THRUST LIMIT pages (page 2 of 2)                            FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

GA     )  - optional climb

CON  )  procedure

CRZ   )

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

THRUST2

 

 

0.99 - the selected thrust limit

CLB      the thrust limit

CLB 1   selected for the

CLB 2   climb phase

 

VNAV calls the current VNAV page

 

 

This page is automatically displayed when above THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT.

Implicitly, one of the three values CLB, CLB 1 or CLB 2 is selected according to the position of <ARM> in page 1. You can then select (<SEL>) any one of the six options by clicking on the appropriate left or right switch, thus:

q      GA - the TOGA function,

q      CON - maximum thrust,

q      CRZ - fly horizontally at this altitude and at 280 knots (1),

q      CLB - climb at 280 knots (1) using flightplan VS,

q      CLB 1 and 2 - economic thrust, limited to the calculated thrust displayed in the FMC.

 

Concerning CLIMB SPEED:

(1)  REMARK 1 - the implicit values are 280 knots under 10,000 feet and 330 knots above 10,000 feet. These speeds are modified in accordance with the speeds and altitudes entered for TRANSITION and RESTRICTED. See VNAV pages.

 

(2) REMARK 2 - the 747-8 engines are very powerful, so GA and CON are in practice difficult to use because they can quickly cause an OVERSPEED condition. (If this happens, CLB, CLB 1 or CLB 2 must be selected instead.)  Conversely, using CLB 1 or 2 can significantly reduce the overall speed.

 

(3) REMARK 3 - the TRANSITION and RESTRICTED speeds ONLY come into use when climbing in CLB mode.

 

So, in most cases, CLB is the most efficient and useful option.

 

 

 

The TAKE OFF page                                                                  FMC SUMMARY

 

10/ 1134 FT - the selected flap position and airport altitude

1000 FT - the end of acceleration height

2000 FT CLB - the thrust reduction height

WIND/SLOPE wind relative speed in knots and runway slope + or -.

DRY or WET -  runway conditions

INDEX calls the INDEX page

FMCTakeOff

126 KT  - suggested V1

160 KT  - suggested VR

192 KT  - suggested V2

3.5 - suggested trim position for take-off 

023 % - calculated CG

[POSE  SHIFT is not yet implemented]

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

 

 

 

You can enter new values for E/O ACCELERATION and TH REDUCTION if you wish to modify them.

FLAPS position.

WIND/SLOPE entry format: XX/+-X wind value 0 to 100, slope value –9 to +9 degrees. To obtain - click 2 times on +/-.

RWY COND: enter D for dry or W for WET.

When all the parameters are correctly entered V1, VR and V2 are displayed. If you wish to, you can change any or all of these values by entering a new value. When you are satisfied with the values shown, confirm them by clicking on the switches to the right of each one.

 

 

The APPROACH page                                                    FMC SUMMARY

 

 

754.9 - weight at arrival when landing

 

 

 

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

APPROACH

 

20/209 - reference speed for this flaps configuration

 

20/200 - flaps configuration and speed

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

 

 

 

CANCELLING AUTOLAND BEFORE LANDING

 

If you do not wish to use it you can inhibit the Autoland before landing. To do this just click on the corresponding switch on the right-hand side of the APPROACH PAGE of the FMC as shown in the following picture:

 

FMCApproach2

 

 

The DEP ARR page                                                        FMC SUMMARY

 

 

You can find the STARs of an airport, LOAD an APPROACH, ACTIVATE an APPROACH and ACTIVATE a FINAL.

1- FINDING AN APPROACH

 

To find an APPROACH, click on the button at the left of “ICAO CODE”. “ICAO CODE” is then highlighted. Enter the 4 digit ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example, click on K then L then A then X (exactly the same process as for the VOR or COMM radios). Then click on the button to the left of “VALID” to validate what you have entered. Once you have done this, the keyboard is unlocked and the FMC displays the names of all available APPROACHES. Thus:

 

FMCListAppr01

 

 

If more approaches are available than can be fitted onto the one page, click on PREVIOUS PAGE or NEXT PAGE to search the full list. Then select an approach by clicking on the corresponding right-hand switch. For example: ILS 24R.

 

The FMC then displays the TRANSITIONS list for this approach:

 

 

FMCListTr01

 

 

Again, if more transitions are available than can be fitted onto the one page, click on PREVIOUS PAGE or NEXT PAGE to search the full list. Then select a transition by clicking on the corresponding right-hand switch. For example, DENAY.

 

You can return to the preceding page at any moment by clicking on the BACK switch at the bottom of the screen. Even if a procedure is LOADED and ACTIVATED, you can go back to the first page and select another APPROACH/TRANSITION.

 

The FMC then displays the selected APPROACH/TRANSITION:

 

 

FMCApprTr01

 

 

2     ACTIVATING AN APPROACH OR VECTOR

 

When you are ready to activate an approach or vector procedure, click on the appropriate right-hand switch. This causes the selected PROCEDURE and TRANSITION to be added to the FLIGHTPLAN. The APPROACH is displayed in the MFD:

 

FMCFplAppr01

 

 

When you are ready to activate an APPROACH or VECTOR, click on the appropriate right-hand switch on the FMC. The FMC will then make the aircraft follow the selected TRANSITION.

 

You can delete all the APPROACHES/TRANSITION pages by clicking on the CLEAR switch. However, as with the standard FS GPS, it is not at present possible to “cancel” an ACTIVATED APPROACH. The only thing to do is choose another one.

 

To follow the selected APPROACH/TRANSITION you must, of course, have a flightplan and a route ACTIVATED in the FMC and switch the AUTOPILOT and LNAV ON.

 

You can delete all the APPROACHES/TRANSITION pages by clicking on the CLEAR switch. Eventhough, as in the standard FS GPS, it seems presently not possible to “cancel” an ACTIVATED APPROACH. The only thing to do is choose another one.

 

To follow the selected APPROACH/TRANSITION, you must, of course, have a flightplan and a route ACTIVATED in the FMC and switch AUTOPILOT and LNAV ON.

 

 

The ALTERNATE AIRPORT PAGE page                        FMC SUMMARY

 

To access to the ALTERNATE PAGE click on MENU, then on INDEX on the left, then on ALTN on the right.

 

FMCAlt01

 

In the preceding exemple with map zoom at 80 nm, the 5 first airports found with a runway maximum length above 6000 feet are listed. The nearest one is AZ06. These 5 airports are retrieved as follows: FMC examine in the FS list, the 100 first ones in an area of yyy nautic miles (the zoom value) having a runway of a minimum of XXXX feet. That means perhaps there some others in the FS list. But the number of airports searched is limited to 100 for saving performances.

 

The value of the MAP ZOOM may be changed: enter the new value in the scratchpad (1 to 999) then click on the upper left switch to enter this value in the FMC.

 

 

The ATC page                                                                FMC SUMMARY

 

To access press the ATC key.

 

 

BOEING - aircraft type

B744 /N747K - aircraft model and identification

Landmark - company name

1123 - ATC flight number

Boeing 747-8 - aircraft title in aircraft.cfg file

2133 - the take-off runway length recommended by ATC

FMCATC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2133 - the landing runway length recommended by ATC

 

 

 

The MOD ECON CLB page                                             FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the VNAV pages, press the VNAV key then PREV PAGE or NEXT PAGE.

 

 

FL275 - the entered cruise altitude

0.550/ 330 - the economic climb speed

280/ 10000 - the transition climb speed and altitude

REST SPD - the restricted airport vicinity speed and altitude

 

FMCVNAVLNAV

 

KOFFA - the ident of the next waypoint

 

[TRANS ALT altitude of acceleration

 

 

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

 

The aircraft will climb at the stated economy climb speed unless it is flying below the restriction or transition altitudes set on this page. (If desired, any of these speeds can be altered manually.)

 

Below the speed transition altitude the speed will be limited to the speed displayed in the SPD TRANS line. However, if a speed restriction is entered it will also be taken into account and the actual speed used will be the lowest of these three speeds.

 

There are two ways of changing the current climb speed:

q      A new speed can be entered in the ECON SPD line. When this is done the  title of the line changes to SEL SPD. The ECON symbol is then displayed and the entered value will be the new target speed. (A speed entered in this way can be deleted by clicking on < ECON.)

q      An MCP speed intervention can be employed. Normally in VNAV the MCP speed window is blank. However, if you push the MCP speed selector, the SPD window will unblank and open to the currently selected climb speed. The speed displayed in the SPD window can then be adjusted and will override all FMC computed speeds. This mode is indicated by the CLB page title changing to ACT MCP SPD CLB. To resume FMC speed control push the speed selector knob again - this blanks the MCP SPD window and returns control to the FMC.

 

CRZ ALT entry format: XXX (

 

SPD TRANS entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

REST SPD entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

When a value has been entered in SPD TRANS or REST SPD, clicking again on the corresponding < will reset the original value.

 

 

CLIMB TRANSIT ALTITUDE

 

The climb transit altitude can be entered in the FMC:

 

VNAVClb

 

Format:  Enter XXX to indicate the FLxxx climb transit altitude and click on the corresponding right switch.  XXX must be less than 350.

Click again on the right-hand switch to set it back to 0.

 

When climbing, the ECON CLIMB SPEED remains set at 330 knots while the aircraft is under TRANSIT ALTITUDE. When it is above TRANSIT ALTITUDE the ECON CLIMB SPEED is set as follows:

From TRANSIT ALTITUDE to 35000 feet the airspeed is set to 400 knots, Mach 0.69,

 

From 35000 to 40000 feet the airspeed is set to 450 knots, Mach 0.775,

Above 40000 feet the airspeed is set to 500, Mach 0.88.

(Note that this only happens when the cruise altitude and speed are above these values. If they are not the ECON CRUISE SPEED is used instead.)

 

This progressive increase in speed makes the acceleration more progressive above TRANSIT ALTITUDE and minimises the risk of a stall.

 

 

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CRZ page                                 FMC SUMMARY

 

REMARK: the economic cruise speed is not computed for small aircraft.

 

 

 

 

FL275 - the entered cruise altitude

0.798/ 478 - the economic cruise speed

 

STEP SIZE - the number of feet to climb. (If this is the standard 4,000 feet, “ICAO” is displayed)

 

FMCVNAVLNAV2

 

315 - the cruise altitude to  climb to

WAIT - when the aircraft is ready to climb “Now” is displayed

KLAX  - destination airport

00:00 z - arrival time (only displayed after take-off)

249.0 - the fuel calculated to be in the tanks at arrival

 

 

This page is automatically displayed when the aircraft reaches cruise altitude.

 

Cruise Altitude displays and allows the cruise altitude to be entered (in exactly the same way as in the PERF INIT and the other VNAV pages).

The VNAV CRUISE WINDOW displays the wind force and direction, the pressure and the ambient temperature:

 

CRZ ALT entry format: XXX

ECON SPD entry format: XXX knots

SPD/ALT entry format: XXX or XXX/XXXXX

STEP SIZE entry format: XXXXX minimum 500 maximum 9000

 

The FMC calculates the most economic cruise speed based on the COST INDEX entered in the PERF INIT page. This speed can be overridden by entering a new speed or via the MCP speed intervention (in exactly the same way as in the VNAV CLB page).

 

The FMC constantly computes the Optimum cruise altitude - the altitude at which fuel consumption will be the most efficient taking into account the distance yet to be travelled - and the Step Climb is a way of reducing fuel consumption and costs for long flights. At the beginning of flight, with the aircraft fully loaded with fuel, the optimal cruise altitude will be low, FL275 for example. As time passes and fuel is consumed, the aircraft gets lighter and can climb to higher altitudes (at which flight is of course more efficient). The standard procedure is to start the flight with low cruise altitude and climb to higher altitudes in steps as the aircraft gets lighter.

 

The ICAO recommended step size is a 4,000 foot increment. Normally before a flight the cruise altitude is set to the expected Optimum altitude plus 2000 feet.

 

Until a step point is reached “WAIT” is displayed. As soon as the point is reached, however, the display changes to “NOW”. Click on the corresponding > switch and the aircraft will start to climb to the new cruise altitude. A new STEP TO cruise altitude is then calculated based on the chosen STEP SIZE.

 

The FMC automatically calculates optimal Step Climb points, based on the initially entered cruise altitude.

 

ICAOClimb

 

 

 

FL168 - the entered cruise altitude

0.731/ 438 - the modified cruise speed

ICAO - the number of feet to climb. ( If this is the standard 4,000 feet, “ICAO” is displayed)

ECON - displayed when cruise speed has been manually modified

 

VNAVCruise2

 

 

WAIT 5 mn19 s - the time to the next ICAO climb point (Click the > as soon as “NOW” is displayed)

10000 fuel burn to start next climb.

 

 

 

Fuel burn entry format XXXXX value 10000 to 60000

 

The cruise altitude can be changed in the PERF INIT, CLB or CRZ pages. Or, you can select a new cruise altitude on the MCP and push the Altitude Selector knob. When the cruise altitude is changed, VNAV will automatically begin the climb to the new altitude.

 

 

FL168 - the entered cruise altitude

450 - the modified cruise speed

STEP SIZE - the number of feet to climb. (If this is the standard 4000 feet, “ICAO” is displayed)

ECON is displayed when the cruise speed has been manually modified

 

VNAVCruise2

 

 

 

 

 

Click on the left-hand switch corresponding to either SEL SPD or ECON to restore the original standard economic speed. (The same procedure is also used with the CLIMB and DESCENT economic speeds.)

 

 

The (VNAV) MOD ECON DES page                                 FMC SUMMARY

 

 

FL275 - the entered cruise altitude

0.467/ 300 - economic descent speed

280/ 10000 - the transition descent speed and altitude

SPD RSTR - the restricted airport vicinity speed and altitude

 

FMCVNAVLNAV3

 

 

KOFFA - the ident of the next waypoint

 

[TRANS ALT deceleration altitude

 

APPROACH calls the APPROACH page

 

In VNAV DES, the aircraft will descend at this economic speed unless the aircraft is below the restriction or transition altitudes set on this page. These speeds can be manually changed.

 

As for the climb process, below the speed transition altitude the speed will be limited to the speed displayed in the SPD TRANS line. If a speed restriction is entered, it will also be taken into account in the calculation. The resulting speed will be the lower of these speeds.

 

There are two ways of changing the current descent speed:

q A new speed can be entered in the ECON SPD line. When this is done the title of the line changes to SEL SPD. The ECON symbol is then displayed and the entered value will be the new target speed. Entered speeds can be deleted by clicking on ECON.

 

q An MCP speed intervention can be carried out. Normally in VNAV the MCP speed window is blank. However, if you push the MCP speed selector, the SPD window will unblank and display the currently instructed descent speed. After this, the speed displayed in the SPD window can be adjusted and will then override all speeds computed by the FMC. This mode is indicated by the page title of the DES page changing to ACT MCP SPD DES. To resume FMC speed control, push the speed selector knob again - this blanks the MCP SPD window and returns control to the FMC.

 

Both methods of manual speed control override any currently-active speed restrictions and permit the selection of higher speeds.

 

SPD/TRANS entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

SPD/REST entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

In the VNAV pages, when a value has been entered in SPD TRANS or TRANS ALT, clicking on the corresponding < will reset the original value.

 

 

TRANSIT ALTITUDE

 

The descent transit altitude can be entered in the FMC:

 

VNAVDes

 

Entry format:  XXX corresponding to the FLxxx descent transit altitude and click on the corresponding right switch. XXX must be less than 350.

Click again on the right switch to set it back to 0.

 

When descending, the ECON DESCENT SPEED, under TRANSIT ALTITUDE, remains set at 300 knots. Above TRANSIT ALTITUDE, the ECON DESCENT SPEED is set as follows:

 

Above TRANSIT ALTITUDE airspeed is set to 400, Mach 0.69.

Under TRANSIT ALTITUDE airspeed is set to 300, Mach 0.45.

 

(This is intended, if cruise altitude and speed are above this value. If not, ECON DESCENT SPEED is set.)

 

 

NEW DESCENT CONTROL

 

Two events trigger the aircraft to start descent:

-   The next waypoint altitude,

-   The 1/3 rule which is: the descent is initialized when distance to destination airport is less than 1/3rd of the altitude (FLxxx). Exemple: flying at 30000 feet, FL300, the descent must start at 300/3=100 nmiles. The first happening event triggers the descent.

 

A first alert message is displayed blinking “DESCENT IN x nm” in the VNAV CRUISE PAGE 3, 10 nmiles before the descent is started. Click on the corresponding right switch to start descending.

 

When descent is started, an information message “DESCENDING” is displayed in the 2 pages VNAV 2 and 3.

 

747FMCDescent01

 

 

 

The APPROACH page                                                    FMC SUMMARY

 

The current aircraft weight when approaching is displayed. When this is greater than the MAXIMUM LANDING WEIGHT (MLW) the display blinks. (The MLW of the Boeing 747-8 is 652000 pounds.):

 

 

FMCApproach1

 

 

The LEGS pages (page 1 of n pages)                           FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the LEGS pages, press the LEGS key then PREV PAGE or NEXT PAGE.

 

 

KPHX to KJFK - the current active flight plan

KPHX  - waypoint ident

259° - the heading to the next waypoint

68 nm - the distance to the next waypoint

1 - waypoint number

 

 

FMCLegs1

 

 

95 nm - total distance since

departure

18499 ft - the altitude of the next waypoint (updated during the flight)

 

PROGRESS calls the PROGRESS page

 

 

The present version of the FMC does not permit the modification of waypoint altitudes.

 

REMARK - the altitudes are updated during the flight by Flight Simulator.

 

The last LEGS page (page n of n)                               FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

REMARK - the waypoint altitudes are updated one by one during the flight

FMCLegs2

 

16775 - the altitude of the next waypoint

1881 - total distance to arrival airport

 16775 waypoint altitude altitude (updated when flying)

PROGRESS calls the PROGRESS page

 

 

 

 

The PROGRESS page                                              FMC SUMMARY

 

To access click on PROGRESS >  in any of the LEGS pages.

 

BLH  - last waypoint

TRM - TO waypoint, distance, ETA and fuel

SLI - NEXT waypoint, distance, ETA and fuel

KLAX - destination airport distance, time and calculated fuel remaining on arrival

RTE LEGS calls the ROUTE LEGS page

FMCProgress

408.2 – fuel remaining

406.0  - estimated fuel remaining at this point

in the flight

401.5  - estimated fuel remaining next waypoint

399.9  - estimated fuel remaining at destination

 

 

 

 

MDTF: MAXIMUM DISTANCE TO FLY. This is the maximum distance to fly with the remaining fuel in tanks.

 

MFT: MAXIMUM FLIGHT TIME: This is the maximum time to fly with the remaining fuel.

 

These are rounded values depending on speed and load.

 

 

The HOLD pages                                                     FMC SUMMARY

 

The HOLD FUNCTION is accessible ONLY when a route has been entered in the FMC. Three options are possible:

a)      PPOS  - immediate hold at present altitude and speed,

b)      TGT ALTITUDE - hold when a given altitude is reached,

c)      WPT - hold when a waypoint is reached, at a given altitude and speed.

 

PPOS HOLD FUNCTION

 

Click on the PPOS switch on the right-hand side of the FMC:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TGT ALT calls the TARGET ALTITUDE HOLD page

 

FMCHold1PPOS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PPOS - calls the PPOS HOLD page

 

 

You then get HOLD PAGE 2. Enter R for a right turn or L for a left turn. Click on the PPOS left switch. The process starts immediately:

 

FMCHold2PPOS

 

TARGET ALTITUDE HOLD FUNCTION

 

Click on the TGT ALT switch on the left-hand side of the FMC:

 

FMCHold1TGT

 

You then get the HOLD PAGE 2. Enter R for right or L for left turn. Enter the desired speed and altitude. Then click on the right SPD / TGT ALT switch to enter the data.

 

Entry format is XXX/XXXXX or XXX or /XXXXX, where XXX is the speed in Knots and XXXXX is the altitude in feet.

 

Then click on the left-hand switch to start the process:

 

FMCHold2TGT

 

 

WAYPOINT HOLD FUNCTION

 

In the first HOLD PAGE enter the desired speed and altitude for the Hold function. Then click on the right-hand switch corresponding to the desired waypoint. In the following example, we want to hold at waypoint Blythe (BLH) and maintain 300 knots at 17000 feet:

 

FMCHold1WPT

 

Then click on the left TGT ALT switch to get HOLD PAGE 2. Enter R for a right turn or L for a left turn. Then click on the upper left switch to initialize the process. The Hold function will start automatically when waypoint BLH is reached and the aircraft will try to reach the requested speed and altitude:

 

FMCHold2WPT

 

In all three cases:

a)      The speed and altitude entered in the FMC MUST be coherent with the flying situation. For example, do not request to fly at 18000 feet to the next waypoint if the altitude at the previous one was 5000 feet and the altitude at the one after next will bet 8000 feet!!! The FMC can not replace the captain!!

b)      To exit the process, just click on the EXIT HOLD switch on the right-hand side. The aircraft will then exit AFTER the current 360° turn has been completed.

c)      In case of an emergency you can stop the process either while entering data or immediately at any moment during loop by clicking on the left REMOVE HOLD switch. This stops the loop and restores the preceding mode.

d)     When hold is terminated the FMC goes back to the preceding flying mode. That means, if you were in LNAV and VNAV, LNAV and VNAV are restored and the aircraft goes back to the activated Flightplan and continues on track. Otherwise, the preceding SPEED and VS are restored.

e)      A hold pattern is displayed in the MFD to show the track during the hold process.

f)       You can go from one page to the other using the switches PREV or NEXT PAGE.

 

Hold track exemple:

 

HoldMAP

 

 

 

 

The COM RADIO page                                                   FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the COM RADIO page, press the FMC COMM key

 

 

122.950 - the COMM 1 active radio frequency

118.000 - the COMM 1 standby radio frequency

 

1200 - the transponder code

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

FMCCOMM01

 

119.900 - the COMM 2 active radio frequency

121.700 - the COMM 2 standby radio frequency

 

 

 

The transponder code and both the active and standby COMM 1 and 2 frequencies are all directly entered using the scratch pad.

 

The entry formats are XXX.XXX for the radio frequencies and XXXX for the transponder code. The radio frequencies can either be entered directly into the FMC or by clicking on the radio window of the main panel.

 

COMM RADIO SEARCH

 

To list the COMMs at an airport, click on the button to the left of “ICAO CODE”. “ICAO CODE” is then highlighted. Enter the ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example, enter K then P then H then X. The FMC then displays details of the first five COMM LIST items. Click on PREVIOUS or NEXT PAGE to list the previous or following ones.

 

To go back to the FMC COMM RADIO page, click on the button to the left of “COMM PAGE”.

 

FMCCOMMSearch01

 

Click on the right button automatically loads the corresponding COMM frequency into RADIO COMM 1.

 

Clicking on the “Clear” button cancels the current search.

 

 

The NAV RADIO page                                                    FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the NAV RADIO page, press the NAV RAD key

 

 

115.60 - the current active NAV1 frequency

110.60 - the standby NAV1 frequency

340 - the NAV1 course (-10 radial)

353.000 - the ADF left radial

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

FMCNAV01

 

113.30 - the current active NAV2 frequency

109.60 - the standby NAV2 frquency

340 - the NAV2 course (-81 radial)

0.00  - the ADF right radial (ADF2 does not seem to be operational)

 

 

The active and standby NAV radios and the CRS and ADF can be entered using the scratchpad and then clicking on the corresponding < or >.

 

When the NAV1 active radio is found to be an ILS, it is also displayed in the ILS-MLS area.

 

The OBS must be updated in exactly the same way as in the NAV RADIO window of the Main Panel.

 

NAV radios entry format: XXX.XX

 

OBS entry format for NAV: XXX

 

 

BACK COURSE FUNCTION

 

When VOR1 is detected to be an ILS you can start the Back Course function. Click on the corresponding left-hand switch. The ILS code is then changed to “***BC***” as shown in the following picture. The Autopilot Master must be ON to make BC operational. Then, when taking off the aircraft will follow the ILS beam straight ahead away from the runway:

 

 

 

FMCBC

 

Click on the Autopilot APP switch or the FMC left switch to disconnect Back Course. Remember the Back Course DOES NOT manage the altitude and the ILS is the one in front of the aircraft.

 

VOR ILS RADIO SEARCH

 

To find a VOR code, click on the button to the left of “ICAO CODE”. “ICAO CODE” is then highlighted. Enter the 3 digit ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example, click on P then X then R. Then click on the button to the left of “VALID” to validate what you have entered. Once this has been done, the keyboard is unlocked and the FMC displays the VOR name and code.

 

FMCVORSearch01

 

To list the ILSs at an airport, click on the button to the left of “ICAO CODE”. Enter the 4 digit ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example click on K then P then H then X. Then click on the button to the left of “VALID” to validate what you have entered. Once this has been done, the keyboard is unlocked and the FMC displays details of up to five ILSs. Click on PREVIOUS or NEXT PAGE to list the following or previous ones.

 

To go back to the FMC NAV RADIO page, click on the button to the left of “NAV PAGE”.

 

FMCILSsearch01

 

Clicking on the button to the right of an ILS automatically loads the corresponding ILS frequency into RADIO NAV1.

 

Clicking on the “Clear” button cancels the current search.

 

 

THE FIX PAGE                                                      FMC SUMMARY

 

FIX COMMAND: click on the right switch to start/stop the process.

 

Fix ON means aircraft goes to the VOR1 if this one is detected. No way out is programmed.

 

If you STOP FIX, aircraft will go back to LNAV. If you do not stop the FIX process, aircraft will continue same heading beyond the VOR1. At any time you can return to manual MCP command. The goal is to respond to the ATC command: "go to a specific point and then HOLD" when airport is busy to wait.

 

 

 

 

115.60 is the NAV1 frequency

259/57.0 is the radial the aircraft is ON and the DME1

12 TTE

 

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

FixCommand

 

 

FIX COMMAND: switch the FIX function ON/OFF

ALT: target altitude.

 

 

 

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT window

 

If no ALTITUDE is entered, only the heading is adjusted and aircraft continues in VNAV mode. If an ALTITUDE is entered, then VNAV is stopped and aircraft will climb or descent depending on aircraft altitude and FIX ALTITUDE.

 

RAD/DIS: radial of VOR1 and DME.

 

TTE: time to the FIX point.

 

ETA: estimated time arrival at the FIX point (local time).

 

DTG: distance to next GPS waypoint of the flightplan.

 

FIX ALT: target altitude.

 

Entry format is: XXX corresponding to FLxxx as in VNAV’s windows. The VS is automatically set to -1800 or +1800 depending on whether the aircraft altitude or target altitude is greater.

 

 

PUSHBACK                                                           FMC SUMMARY

 

You can also use the FMC to control the PUSHBACK from a gate. Thus:

 

FIRST SOLUTION: clic on “P” starts/stops the pushback. In this case, the aircraft will not turn.

 

SECOND SOLUTION:

 

1 - Click on the PUSHBACK switch on right-hand side of the MENU window of the FMC.

 

 

 

 

2 - Enter the PUSHBACK LENGTH in feet (maximum 999, 230 is the length of the aircraft), the side to turn “L” or “R” (left or right) and the ANGLE to turn in degrees (from 1 to 180). Click on START when ready to start the pushback.

 

In this new version X06 the truck will be displayed when pushing back:

 

 

 

PushBack03

 

Click STOP to stop the process at any moment for an EMERGENCY.

 

 

THE CHECKLISTS PAGE                                      FMC SUMMARY

 

 

The co-pilot will tell you the checklists one by one when you request him to do it. First click on the button to the left of “FMC INDEX”.

 

FMCIdent01

 

You get the INDEX WINDOW:

 

FMCInitRefW

 

Then click on the button to the right of “CHECKLISTS”. You get the CHECKLISTS WINDOW.

 

FMCCheckLists

 

Then click on the button corresponding to the checklist you want the co-pilot to read out to you.

 

Click on the button to the left of “INDEX” to terminate the activity.

 

 

THE SOUND PAGE                                                FMC SUMMARY

 

 

Click on the SOUND PAGE switch in the MENU PAGE to access this page.

 

Then you can adjust the SOUND LEVEL from 0 to 20, 10 being the average value. Click on the corresponding left or right switches:

 

FMCSound

 

 

 

THE TAXI SPEED PAGE                                        FMC SUMMARY

 

 

FMCTaxi01

 

Click on the TAXI PAGE switch in the MENU PAGE to access this page.

 

Then you can adjust the TAXI SPEED from 0 to 25. The click on START or STOP to start up to the taxi speed or stop the aircraft: Note that setting PARKING BRAKE stops definitively the process. When brakes only are pressed, for exemple ";" the the aircraft stops the time the key is pressed. As soon as the key is not pressed the aircraft restart at the specified taxi speed.

 

In the above exemple 25 is the entered taxi speed and the second value is the actual GROUND SPEED.

 

 

BRIGHTNESS OF THE FMC

 

To adjust the brightness of the FMC display, turn the following button on the FMC:

 

FMCBrightBut

 

 

 

5 - AUDIO ENHANCEMENTS

                                                            summary of the document

First remark: there are already several software packages that contain sounds, voices, etc… If you do not want to use the sounds included with this package, all you have to do is not copy or delete the GLx03SoundUFMC.dll file from your /Flight Simulator X/gauges/… folder. You can then continue to use your own software. That’s all!

 

Second remark: the sound gauge is designed to work ONLY with the UNIVERSAL FMC JSGPanels.

 

 

While adding sound at all greatly enhances the realism of the simulation, this is my first attempt at doing so and the result is not perfect. But then nothing ever is perfect! However, rest assured that it will be enhanced in the future, taking into account your criticisms and/or suggestions. Thanks in advance for your help.

 

The voice on these .wav files is my own and unfortunately my voice is not that of a great bass singer! If you do not like the result, feel free to re-record using your own voice or someone else’s. If you decide to keep the files with my voice on, you will have the chance to have a French co-pilot with you!!! If you don’t, fine, but there is ONE RESTRICTION. YOU MUST ALWAYS KEEP EXACTLY THE SAME NAMES FOR THE .wav FILES!

 

IMPORTANT REMARK: WHEN INITIALIZING THE PANEL, FLIGHT SIMULATOR CHECKS THAT ALL FILES ARE PRESENT. IF ONLY ONE IS NOT PRESENT IN THE SOUND FOLDER, THE PANEL WILL NOT BE LOADED AND FLIGHT SIMULATOR WILL DISPLAY AN ERROR MESSAGE.

 

The sounds start to play about 10 seconds after the panel has been initialized - just the right amount of time for your co-pilot to get himself settled down comfortably in his armchair!

 

 

4 - 8 - 1 MOVING PARTS

 

All the noisy switches (mainly the rotating ones) on MAIN and OVERHEAD panels and THROTTLE have sounds attached to them and you will hear the clicks, clacs, crunches whenever you move them. The list of these switches includes the parking brake, the flaps and the gear handle. You will also hear the famous CREW CALL, NO SMOKE and SEAT BELT signals.

REMARK: the flaps calls are made for “standard” positions. If these are differently defined in the aircraft.cfg of the aircraft you use, the flaps call may be different. Request us for any adaptation you need.

 

 

4 - 8 - 2 COPILOT

 

You have a COPILOT with you and he informs you regularly about many important events during the flight. You will hear him speaking in your right speaker since he is seated at your right. What does he do?

 

1.      He reports the manoeuvring of the PARKING BRAKE, SPOILERS, FLAPS, GEAR POSITIONS and the AUTOPILOT switches. He calls out “V1”, “VR” and “V2” and “Take Off”, “Landed”.

 

2.      He reminds you to set the ANTI ICE switches if you forget them before take off, and reports when the aircraft reaches 10000ft, 15000ft … and, finally, cruise altitude are reached.

 

3.      When requested to, he will recite the CHECKLISTS you ask for.

 

4.      The DIGITALIZED COCKPIT VOICE: alerts you when some incident occurs such as WINDSHEAR, or too deep PITCH, BANK ANGLE or GLIDESLOPE. You will also get FLAPS ALERT if you increase engine power while taxiing and your ground speed rises to more than 25 without the flaps being at least at the 10 position. In addition this voice will, during an approach, report when the altitude above ground is 2500 ft, 1000ft, 500ft, 400ft,….40ft, 20ft, 10ft and will end by saying “minimus” (depending on which minimum value you have selected).

 

5.      If a flightplan is active in the FMC, a 4 bells gong alerts you when you arrive less than four miles from the next WAYPOINT and a 1 bell gong sounds when the aircraft changes to the next waypoint and also when CRUISE ALTITUDE is reached.

 

6.      Of course, the Co-pilot also reports if any FAILURE occurs with ENGINES, PITOT, VACUUM, and other devices. In the case of the engines: he tells you, when an engine starts or stops, if any failure occurs and if the OIL TEMPERATURE is over 115.

 

4 - 8 - 3 BEACONS:

 

Passing an airport beacons results in 3, 2 or 1 bips, according to whether it is the OUTER, MEDIUM or INNER beacon.

 

 

4 – 8 – 4 GPWS

 

The GROUND POSITIONING WARNING SYSTEM is, of course, included and you will hear the digitalized voice telling 2500, 1000, 500, …. , 50, 40, 20, 10.

 

IMPORTANT REMARK: the message “Don’t sink” is often played by mistake. This one is played by FSX NOT by the panel itself.

 

4 - 8 - 5 SOUND LEVEL ADJUSTMENT

 

You can adjust the sound level.

 

 

 

5- PERFORMANCES AND TESTING

                                                                   summary of the document

This FMC was designed and tested on a Dell XPS8500 with Intel Core I7-2600 CPU 3.4 GHz and 8.0 GBytes memory, with an ATI Radeon HD 5700 video card and Windows 7 ©. It runs correctly on this machine and there should be no problems with running it on a more powerful machine but it is possible that it will not run correctly on a less powerful one and so this cannot be guaranteed.

6 – CREDITS                                           summary of the document

a)      Jean Luc BOINET for the excellent photographs he allowed us include in this software and also for beta-testing.

b)      Bill HICKMAN for editing the whole documentation and support.

c)      PLUS all those who participated in the preceding versions of this panel. AND again:

d)     BOEING for the 747-8 and FMC itself, a truly marvellous aircraft. We have tried to be as accurate as possible to the photographs on their Internet site. We hope we have managed to do the aircraft justice.

e)      FLIGHTSIM.COM for such a great Internet site, providing help and housing so many files to make flight simulation such a fantastic experience.

f)       FS PILOT SHOP who supports us and sales JSGPANELS products.

g)      MICROSOFT (last but not least!) and the people who have over so many years developed the software which allows each of us the opportunity to try to 'fly' such aircraft as the 747-8 and FMC. The evolution from the earliest versions of Flight Simulator to the present one is truly amazing.

7 – AUTHOR’S RESPONSIBILITY

                                                                   summary of the document

The product has been extensively tested before being released. If you install it as described above we cannot see how it could harm your computer. However, since its use is of course outside our control, we have to say that you use it at your own risk.

8 – GUARANTEE                                  summary of the document

The product is described in detail in the documentation so that you can have a very good idea of what it is and what it does before purchasing it. As with any software, it cannot be guaranteed to be bug free but, if you do encounter a problem, we will do our best to provide a correction as soon as possible. However it is assumed that anyone using the product will already have sufficient knowledge of both Flight Simulator FSX AND the FMC to use it intelligently and the author reserves the right to refuse to enter into correspondence about problems arising from a lack of basic knowledge in these areas. The pictures presented in this document are not contractual. These are only exemples.

 

9 - COPYRIGHT AND DISTRIBUTION

                                                                   summary of the document

a)      THIS PRODUCT IS RELEASED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND.

b)      THE PRODUCT CANNOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE RE-DISTRIBUTED IN WHOLE OR IN PART WITHOUT THE PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR.

c)      THE INCLUSION OF ANY INDIVIDUAL FILE FROM THIS PRODUCT IN ANY OTHER PRODUCT WITHOUT THE PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR IS PROHIBITED.

d)     NO EXTRA CHARGE MAY FOR ANY REASON BE MADE FOR ANY PART OF THIS PRODUCT.

e)      ALL GAUGES ARE THE COPYRIGHT (C) OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AUTHORS. THE PANEL, .BMP FILES AND .CFG FILES ARE COPYRIGHT (C) TO JSGPANELS. NO GAUGES CAN BE REDISTRIBUTED EITHER BY THEMSELVES OR AS PART OF ANY OTHER PRODUCT WITHOUT PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION FROM THEIR RESPECTIVE AUTHORS.

f)       ALL PARTS OF THE GAUGES ARE INCLUDED IN THE RESPECTIVE COPYRIGHTS. THIS INCLUDES THE CODE, THE BITMAPS AND THE SOUNDS!

g)      THE AUTHOR'S RIGHTS AND WISHES CONCERNING THIS PRODUCT MUST BE RESPECTED.

 

DO NOT MAKE ANY ILLEGAL COPY.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

HAPPY LANDINGS !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

02-2012

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Copyright JSGPanels © 2012

 

10 – WHERE TO CLICK              summary of the document

 

 

Click FMC

 

 

10 – MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION        summary of the document

 

MACH – KNOTS - ALTITUDE

 

# Mach = true speed / sound speed

 

 

SOUND SPEED AT SEA LEVEL  661 knots   =

 

mach 1

VITESSE DU SON ALTITUDE    39 * sqr ( 273 +  t° )

 

TRUE SPEED AND MACH RATIO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALTITUDE

T Calc

Cor T

Mach 1

280

300

330

400

450

500

550

600

650

700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

15

16.97

661.85

0.42

0.45

0.50

0.60

0.68

0.76

0.83

0.91

0.98

1.06

 

5000

-10

16.22

632.47

0.44

0.47

0.52

0.63

0.71

0.79

0.87

0.95

1.03

1.11

 

10000

-20

15.91

620.33

0.45

0.48

0.53

0.64

0.73

0.81

0.89

0.97

1.05

1.13

 

15000

-30

15.59

607.95

0.46

0.49

0.54

0.66

0.74

0.82

0.90

0.99

1.07

1.15

 

20000

-40

15.26

595.31

0.47

0.50

0.55

0.67

0.76

0.84

0.92

1.01

1.09

1.18

 

25000

-50

14.93

582.39

0.48

0.52

0.57

0.69

0.77

0.86

0.94

1.03

1.12

1.20

 

30000

-60

14.59

569.19

0.49

0.53

0.58

0.70

0.79

0.88

0.97

1.05

1.14

1.23

 

35000

-70

14.25

555.66

0.50

0.54

0.59

0.72

0.81

0.90

0.99

1.08

1.17

1.26

 

40000

-80

13.89

541.81

0.52

0.55

0.61

0.74

0.83

0.92

1.02

1.11

1.20

1.29

 

45000

-90

13.53

527.58

0.53

0.57

0.63

0.76

0.85

0.95

1.04

1.14

1.23

1.33

 

50000

-100

13.15

512.96

0.55

0.58

0.64

0.78

0.88

0.97

1.07

1.17

1.27

1.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPORTED AIRCRAFT IN THE PRESENT VERSION:

 

 

The following aircraft are supported by the FMC:

 

ARCHER

AIRBUS A321, A340, A380,

BEECHCRAFT Baron 58, King Air 350,

BOEING 707, 727, 737, 757, 767, 777, 747, B52, MD11, MD80, MD83

BOMBARDIER CRJ700, Lear 45, Lear60

CESSNA 172, 182, 208,

CONCORDE

DE HAVILLAND DHC2,

DOUGLAS DC3, DC10,

EXTRA 300,

GRUMAN GOOSE G21A,

LOOKHEED C130, 135,

MAULE M7,

MOONEY Bravo,

PIPER J3

 

In FS each aircraft is identified by a ATC AIRCRAFT MODEL CODE. Unfortunately, this code may be different for the same aircraft, depending on the designer of the aircraft !!!

 

The FMC cannot know all the codes. So if the aircraft you select is not a standard one, enter the following code in the FMC IDENT PAGE: for exemple 737 for the BOEING 737 or 80 for the MD83. The accepted codes are the following, in first column:

 

 

FMC CODE        MANUFACTURER            FS NAME               NAME

 

1

AIRBUS

CONCORDE

Concorde

707

BOEING

B707

B707

727

BOEING

B727

B727

737

BOEING

B734 B737 B738

B737

747

BOEING

B747 B744

B747

757

BOEING

B757

B757

767

BOEING

B764 B767

B767

777

BOEING

B773

B777

787

BOEING

B787

B787

52

BOEING

B52

B52

321

AIRBUS

A321

A321

340

AIRBUS

A340

A340

380

AIRBUS

A380

A380

11

MCDOUGLAS

MD11

MD11

81

MCDOUGLAS

MD80

MD81

83

MCDOUGLAS

MD83

MD83

700

BOMBARDIER

CRJ700

CRJ700

45

BOMBARDIER

LJ45

LEARJET 45

60

BOMBARDIER

LJ60

LEARJET 60

3

DOUGLAS

DC3

DC3

10

DOUGLAS

DC10

DC10-50

130

LOOKHEED

C130

HERCULE

135

LOOKHEED

C135

HERCULE

300

EXTRA300

E300

EXTRA300

21

GRUMAN

GOOSE 21A

GOOSE 21A

200

DE HAVILLAND

DHC2

DASH

7

MAULE

M7

M7

172

CESSNA

C172

C172

182

CESSNA

C182

C182

208

CESSNA

C208

C208

20

MOONEY

M20T

BRAVO

33

PIPER

J3

J3CUB

58

BEECHCRAFT

BE58

Baron 58

350

BEECHCRAFT

B350

King Air 350

88

DE HAVILLAND

Dh88Comet

COMET

 

 

In the second column, are the aircraft manufacturer and in the 3rd column are the aircraft FS code the FMC knows. In the 4th column is the commercial name.

 

 

FLAPS VALUES ACCEPTED BY THE FMC FOR TAKE OFF:

 

For some common aircraft the FMC controls the validity of the flaps values entered in the FMC TAKE FOFF page. These are the following:

 

 

 

 

AIRCRAFT

AIRCRAFT

FLAPS

MANUFACTURER

TYPE IN FS

TAKE OFF

 

(Exhausted list)

POSITION

 

 

 

AIRBUS

CONCORDE

5 1

BOEING

B707

25 15 10

BOEING

B727

25 15 10

BOEING

B734 B737 B738

25 15 10

BOEING

B747 B744

20 10

BOEING

B757

20 15 5

BOEING

B764 B767

20 15 5

BOEING

B773

20 15

BOEING

B787

20 15

BOEING

B52

24 16 8

AIRBUS

A321

3 2 1

AIRBUS

A340

3 2 1

AIRBUS

A380

4 3 2 1

MCDOUGLAS

MD11

25 20 15 10

MCDOUGLAS

MD80

25 20 15 10

MCDOUGLAS

MD83

25 20 15 10

BOMBARDIER

CRJ700

20 10

BOMBARDIER

LJ45

20 8

BOMBARDIER

LJ60

20 8

DOUGLAS

DC3

34 23 11

DOUGLAS

DC10

35 22 15 5

LOOKHEED

C130

28 25 21 18 14

LOOKHEED

C135

28 25 21 18 14

EXTRA300

E300

 

GRUMAN GOOSE

G21A

 

DE HAVILLAND

DHC2

 

MAULE

M7

 

CESSNA

C172

 

CESSNA

C182

 

CESSNA

C208

 

MOONEY

M20T

 

PIPER

J3

 

BEECHCRAFT

BE58

 

BEECHCRAFT

B350

 

DE HAVILLAND

Dh88Comet

 

 

For other aircraft, no need to enter the flaps position.

 

 

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