JSGPanels Reference Manual for Boeing 747-8 panel

 

Panel Version X06

For FSX

 

Boeing 747-8 Panel for Microsoft Flight Simulator FSX ©

Microsoft Flight Simulator FSX and Windows are Copyright Microsoft.
The Boeing 747-8 is a Boeing Aircraft built by Boeing Company.
All rights reserved to these companies for all their respective materials and products.

Visit their sites at

http://www.microsoft.com/games/flightsimulatorX/

http://www.Boeing.com/

 

THIS PANEL VERSION IS A COMPLETE ONE AND INCLUDES THE FMC, PFD, MFD, EICAS’s, HUD AND OVERHEAD WINDOWS AND SYSTEM FILES AND SOUNDS.

Author:            JSGPanels

www.jsgpanels.com

Support email:            jsgpanels.jsgpanels@orange.fr

Please consult the FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTION at:

http://www.jsgpanels.com/EAFAQ.htm

Before requesting support by mail.Thank you.

Please do not use hotmail, yahoo, gmail,...

or we won't have the ability to send you back any reply !!!

 

WHAT IS NEW IN THIS PANEL VERSION X06 FOR FSX:

 

 

NEW LANDING WINDOW

A new “head up” landing window very usefull when approaching and landing. See windows here.

 

LARGE WINDOWS PFD, MFD and MCP

Just click on each window to enlarge/reduce it. See pictures here.

 

TCAS FUNCTION IN THE MFD:

 

TCAS: the TCAS is complete and simulates the actual TCAS. It plays the sounds “ClimbDescend” .and a lot of others, and displays all the intruder aircraft in the MFD. See MFD traffic details and TRAFFIC pages of the FMC.

 

MOVING YOKE

The yoke is now turning right/left and is moving back and forth to simulate the pull up/push down. See YOKE details.

 

TAXI SPEED

You can control a specified speed when taxiing in an airport. Select MENU then TAXI page. The usual taxi speed when onground is up to 25 knots. See FMC TAXI page.

 

NEW DESCENT CONTROL

Two events trigger the aircraft to start descent:

-         The next waypoint altitude,

-         The 1/3 rule which is: the descent is initialized when distance to destination airport is less than 1/3rd of the altitude (FLxxx). Exemple: flying at 30000 feet, FL300, the descent must start at 300/3=100 nmiles. The first happening event triggers the descent.

See VNAV PAGES 2 and 3.

 

WARNING: the JSGPanels B747 panel is very big software. For example, on a DELL XPS8300 with Core I7 processor and all the slides to the maximum, the average frame rate is about 25. With a double screen configuration, this average frame rate is about 15. If you use it on a small powerful PC the performances may not be the best!!!

 

SOME TIPS: to get the best performances, launch FSX just after having switched the PC On. Avoid launching lot of other programs simultaneously. Some FSX parameters are very frame eaters: ground scenery shadows for example.

 

 

 

SUMMARY

1 - CONTENTS OF THE PACKAGE – NEW FUNCTIONALITIES

2 – AFTER INSTALLATION

3 – TIPS BEFORE YOU START

                     PERFORMANCES

4 – PANEL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

·                                       1 - FORWARD PANEL

o                       1 - VIEWS

o                       2 - PFD

o                       3 - MFD

o                       4 - BACKUP HSI

o                       5 - EICAS Upper & Lower

o                       6 - FORWARD PANEL SWITCHES

o                       7 - THE HUD

o                       8 - VIRTUAL COCKPIT

o                       9 -  POPUP WINDOWS

o                       10 - NEW RADIOS DEVICES

·                                       2 - OVERHEAD PANEL

·                                       3 - MAINTENANCE PANEL

·                                       4 - AUTOPILOT

·                                       5 - FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER

o   General presentation

o   Control Unit

o   CDU Fonction pages

·                                       6 - ENGINES THROTTLE

·                                       7 - MOVING YOKE AND MOVING PEDALS

·                                       8 - AUDIO ENHANCEMENTS TO THE PANEL

·                                       9 - MISCELLANEOUS

·                                 10 - FAILURES MANAGEMENT

5 – PERFORMANCES AND TESTING

6 – CREDITS

7 – AUTHOR'S RESPONSIBILITY

8 - GUARANTEE

9– COPYRIGHT AND DISTRIBUTION

APPENDIX

10 - WHERE TO CLICK

11 - MISC INFORMATION

 

BOEING 747-8 ANNOUNCEMENT

 

On 15 November 2005 the Boeing Company announced the addition of the new 747-8 to the 747 family. This aircraft is heavier and has more powerful engines than any previous model but is more economical and has a longer range:

 

“The Boeing Company [NYSE: BA] today officially launched the new Boeing 747 program, which includes the 747-8 Intercontinental passenger airplane and the 747-8 Freighter airplane.” Boeing Company, Nov. 15, 2005.

 

You can read this announcement and technical specifications at this address:

 

http://www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/747-8_facts.html

 

The present 747-8 aircraft takes these new characteristics into account using:

 

Maximum gross weight:    960000 pounds.

Engine power:                   66500 pounds.

 

In Flight Simulator ©, we have tried to accurately reproduce these new characteristics in the new panel and in the flying data. The aircraft itself remains unchanged but you will definitely feel the differences caused by the more powerful engines and the heavier overall weight. We hope you will appreciate this new panel.

 

1 – CONTENTS OF THE PACKAGE                   summary of the document

 The panel has been designed to be used with a MINIMUM RESOLUTION of 1024x768 and FULL SCREEN definition. Any other definition will downgrade the pictures.

We have adapted original pictures of an actual Boeing 747 panel. These pictures are and remain the property of Jean Luc BOINET. The whole documentation is edited by and copyright Bill HICKMAN.

 

 

2 – AFTER INSTALLATION                 summary of the document

 

2 – 1 UNINSTALLATION

 

To uninstall, go to the START MENU, choose Flight Simulator X and click on the JSGPanels 747-8 Uninstall.

 

Installation/Uninstallation being automatic, if you uninstall the product, the uninstallation program will ALSO uninstall the b747_400\aircraft.cfg.

 

Make a copy BEFORE you uninstall.

 

To help us enhance the quality of this panel, please let us know of any problem you encounter when using it. THANKS IN ADVANCE.

 

 

2 – 2 REMARKS

 

1.     A GPS is included in the panel.cfg file. However, you probably shouldn’t need it since most of the information supplied by the GPS is displayed in this MFD.

 

2.     Some users have said they do not wish to have the FLCH “flight change” switch available to them. You can inhibit this switch with option in the FMC INIT REF page.

 

3.     Installation in any other 747 is possible but can not be guaranteed. Some options may be uncompatible. Contact us.

 

4.   Use the TRUE AIRSPEED option as shown in following figure:

 

 

5.   You can recognize the 747-8 panel by its 747-8 identity number:

 

 

 

2 – 3 INITIALIZATION

 

 

When loading the panel for the first time, at initialization you get the following message (depending on the language you use):

 

 

CLICK ON “EXECUTE”

 

 

Then you get the following message (depending on the language you use):

 

 

 

CLICK ON “YES”.

 

Then you will never get this message again.

 

 

 

 

3 - TIPS BEFORE YOU START         summary of the document

 

a)      Please read this documentation carefully even if you are an expert in 'flying' the 747-8. Each panel has its peculiarities.

b)      Do not load this panel over another one in which you have left some switches ON else you may well "confuse" the panel.

c)      The values in some gauges are interpreted differently depending on whether the aircraft is in the TAKE OFF or LANDING phase. The aircraft is considered to be "in the air" when it is above 1000 feet and "landing" when it is below 900 feet. For this reason you should ALWAYS climb above 1000 feet after take off, even when you intend to turn back for an emergency landing (1000 feet is in any case, of course, a very low and dangerous minimum). For the same reason, you should not load a flight in which the aircraft is already in the air.

d)     When creating a FLIGHTPLAN, FS includes as 1st waypoint the VOR of the departure airport. Cancel this waypoint too closed to the runway. A such short turn is impossible with a big jet.

e)      COST INDEX: used to compute cruise speed. Use preferably a low cost index for low cruise altitudes, exemple 1000 for 18000 feet, and a higher one for higher cruise altitudes, exemple 9000 for 36000 feet. If none value is entered, 1 is assumed.

f)         When loading the aircraft directly with VIRTUAL COCKPIT the panel is not displayed. FIRST LOAD THE FORWARD INSTRUMENT PANEL THEN LOAD THE VIRTUAL COCKPIT. This is made by FSX not by the present panel.

g)      Set the AUTO RUDDER OFF or you will have difficulties to take off. Parameter is in “Aircraft/Realism settings/Flight Control/Autorudder”.

 

PERFORMANCES ENHANCEMENT

                                                            summary of the document

 

The performances in this new X06 version have been largely increased.

 

Of course, a percentage of the upgrade is difficult to define, depending on so many parameters, the first one being your own computer hardware and software.

 

Anyway, with all the slides set at “defaults” (except the definition at 1024x768 and full screen), you normally should get a frame rate about 50 to 100 % higher than with the preceding versions x01 & x02.

 

 

 

4 – PANEL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

 

 

For all the gauges the associated information is displayed to inform you about the identification of the gauge and what it does.

 

 

4 - 1 - FORWARD PANEL                   summary of the document

 

 

4-1-1 VIEWS

 

4-1-2 PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)

 

4-1-3 THE MULTI FUNCTION DISPLAY (MFD)

 

MFD OVERVIEW

MFD: HOW TO USE

MFD: OPTIONS SWITCHES

MFD OTHER INFORMATION DISPLAY

ADJUSTING THE BRIGHTNESS OF THE PFD AND MFD WINDOWS

 

4-1-4 BACKUP HSI

 

4-1-5 EICAS UPPER and LOWER

 

EICAS UPPER DISPLAY

EICAS LOWER DISPLAY

 

4-1-6 FORWARD PANEL SWITCHES

 

4-1-7 THE HEAD-UP DISPLAY

 

4-1-8 VIRTUAL COCKPIT

 

4-1-9 POPUP WINDOWS AND SWITCHES FUNCTIONS

 

4-1-10 NEW RADIOS DEVICES

 

 

 

4-1-1 VIEWS

                                                                   Forward Panel Summary

 

FIRST OF ALL: the panel is not responsible of the colors alteration during dusk or dawn. These are made by FSX ©.

 

Several views are possible:

 

 

THE FORWARD VIEW:

 

 

 

“LOOK AT THROTTLE” VIEW:

 

 

 

“COPILOT VIEW”:

 

 

 

 

“LANDING VIEW”:

 

 

 

These windows can be accessed using the arrows:

 

 

 

IMPORTANT REMARK: use these switches to switch from one window to another but DO NOT USE THE FSX MENU or the logic will be disturbed.

 

LARGE PFD, MFD and EICAS:

 

 

To display/hide large windows just click on each window.

 

 

4-1-2 PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)

                                                                   Forward Panel Summary

 

This displays all necessary information about speed, altitude, attitude and autopilot. PFD LIGHTS: these report speed and Y/D on the left side, horizontal autopilot commands in the center and vertical autopilot commands on the right. Also included are decision height, radar altitude (if less than 2000 feet) AND master autopilot ON/OFF. In addition, the artificial horizon has two FD lines (horizontal and vertical) plus the max pitch indicator.

 

V1, VR and V2 Speeds are calculated by the FMC. They are shown only when the aircraft is on the ground. When pre-flight initialization is not complete or V speeds are not confirmed on the FMC TAKE OFF page, they are replaced by yellow NO V SPD indicators. (See Pictures 6, 7 and 8 below)

 

Flap Retraction Speeds indicates the flap retraction speeds for both current and previous flap positions. They are not displayed when the aircraft is on the ground (during either the take-off or landing phases).

 

Minimum Manoeuvring Speed shows the margin of manoeuvre before a stall may occur. It is indicated by a yellow line. Flying below this speed may cause the aircraft to stall. The speed below which the aircraft will stall is shown by small red squares.

 

At the bottom of the speed tape Mach/Groundspeed shows the Mach number when above Mach 0.4 or the current Groundspeed when below it.

 

The FD switch position is displayed in green just above of the artificial horizon.

The PFD displays the altitude and AUTOPILOT altitude in meters. Click on the corresponding button on the EFIS:

 

 

The MDA (Minimum Descent Altitude) is displayed in green just below the artificial horizon. It can be adjusted by the upper left button on the EFIS panel (see Picture 9 below). First choose either DH and MDA by clicking left or right on the upper part of the button, then adjust as necessary by clicking – or + at the bottom of the button. The MDA lights are ONLY displayed when the aircraft is beneath 15000 feet radio altitude.

 

The A/T light is integrated into the SPEED, MACH and THRUST lights and is displayed ONLY if A/T is ON.

 

The DH lights are ONLY displayed when the aircraft is beneath 20000 feet altitude.

 

 

If required, PFD brightness can be adjusted by clicking on the following button.

 

 

The ILS frequency and ICAO code are displayed in the PFD when these are detected and the APPROACH page is displayed in the FMC.

 

 

4-1-3 THE MULTI FUNCTION DISPLAY (MFD)

                                                     Forward Panel Summary

 

MFD OVERVIEW

 

MFD HOW TO USE

 

MFD OPTIONS SWITCHES

 

MFD OTHER INFORMATION DISPLAYED

 

APPROCH AND TRANSITION

 

ALTERNATE AIRPORT

 

TCAS

 

THE VOR NAV ARROWS

 

BACKUP OF THE PFD

 

ADJUSTING THE BRIGHTNESS OF THE PFD AND MFD WINDOWS

 

 

 

MFD and EICAS LOWER switches. The left switch allows the MFD window to display either EICAS or PFD backup windows; the right switch allows the LOWER EICAS window to display either PRIME EICAS or MFD backup windows. These switches are designed to be used in an emergency situation when the normal display screens have failed.

 

 

MFD OVERVIEW                                           MFD summary

 

When all display options are on, the MFD looks like this:

 

 

This displays the NAVs, the NDBs, the ILSs, the airports and, of course, the flightplan and the waypoints. In addition, just for fun, it also displays clouds and the locations of the IRSs.

 

The VOR NAV arrows are unstable and flicker as they do in an actual Boeing 747.

 

VOR2

 

VOR2 is displayed in two modes, depending on the setting of the Option Switch on the FMC NAV RADIO PAGE. In standard mode (at initialization) VOR2 is equivalent to an ADF but, when the Option Switch is ON, it is displayed in green as a VOR:

 

:

 

 

 

GPS SYMBOL

 

The three stars and GPS symbol are unstable and flicker as they do in an actual 747.

 

 

HOLD PATTERN

 

As soon as a Hold process is started, a Hold Pattern is displayed in the MFD to show the track followed by the aircraft during the 360° turn. In the following example, the aircraft is starting a right-hand hold:

 

 

 

MFD: HOW TO USE                                         MFD summary

 

At initialization, the MFD looks like this:

 

 

To display or cancel information, use the switches on the EFIS autopilot panel:

 

 

 

NOTES

 

1.            The CALL CANCEL BUTTON displays or cancels the entire MAP.

 

2.            The ALTITUDE METERS DISPLAY BUTTON displays or cancels the altitude in meters on the PFD.

 

3.            The APP/VOR/MAP/PLN KNOB can be set in any one of several positions.

 

Thus:

a)      APP displays the VOR1 and ILS information, vertically and horizontally.

b)      VOR displays the VOR1 information, the OBS radial and the current aircraft radial.

c)      MAP displays the MAP, aircraft-heading oriented.

d)     PLN displays the MAP, north oriented.

In addition the central CTR button toggles between the 180º forward and the full 360º displays.

MFD mode. Turn this left or right to select APP VOR MAP or PLN. Press CTR to display full screen mode.

The MAP ZOOM ADJUST adjusts the range of the map. The minimum range is 10 miles and the maximum 640. Clicking on the central TFC button automatically resets the range back to 10.

MDA/DECISION HEIGHT switch. First click on the upper left or right part of the switch to select MDA or DECISION HEIGHT. Then, clicking on the lower part, turn this left or right to adjust the decision height. Press RST to set it back.

BAROMETER. Turn this left or right to adjust it. Remember that any adjustment will also have an effect on the altimeter. Above 10,000 feet all aircraft are requested to use the "standard" baro pressure of 29.92 to ensure they are all calibrated identically to each other. Press STD to set the barometer to this standard value.

 

The VORs ADFs switches each display either the VOR or the ADF for each side, left and right. When the VOR1 selected has DME, then a green circle is displayed around the VOR1 station. A green hyphen line with arrow indicates the OBS beam according to the OBS in the FMC. When the VOR2 selected has DME, then a yellow circle is displayed around the VOR1 station. A yellow hyphen line with arrow indicates the OBS beam according to the OBS in the FMC. In the following example VOR1 is set to 114.10, the frequency for DRAKE (DRK). The aircraft, at PHOENIX airport (Arizona, USA), is on radial 148 of DRAKE and the OBS is on 151. To be correctly adjusted the OBS should be set to 148:

 

 

 

 

MFD: OPTIONS SWITCHES                           MFD summary

 

There are seven of these. They control the display of the clouds (WXR) and of the information relating to the stations (STA), the waypoints (WPT), the airports (APPT, DATA and POS) and the ground image (TERR):

 

 

WXR displays or cancels the clouds which (just for fun) move back and forth and round the aircraft as it turns:

 

 

 

STA displays or cancels the display of the stations, VORs, NDBs and ILSs:

 

 

 

WPT displays or cancels the flightplan waypoints:

 

 

 

APPT displays or cancels the airports:

 

 

 

DATA is a little bit special. Clicking on it displays all the airport data information but ONLY when the zoom is set to “10” (because the data would be unreadable at a higher value). Clicking on it again OR clicking on either STA, WPT or APPT restores the preceding display for STA, WPT or APPT:

 

 

 

POS displays or cancels the aircraft GPS position and the three IRS positions (included just for fun). The 3 stars and GPS symbol are instables and move as they do in the actual 747.

 

 

 

TERR displays or cancels the ground image:

 

 

 

As in the actual BOEING panels, when approaching, the aircraft is pictured in the MFD moving along a normal green dot line so that you can control the approach position and moving WITHOUT any exterior visibility.

 

 

3 phases:

 

- If ILS is not detected, a yellow aircraft is represented,

 

 

 

- When ILS is detected, the aircraft is white in normal position,

 

 

- When going out of the ILS beam, at a too high or too low altitude, the small aircraft becomes red and blinking. See the following pictures:

 

 

 

MFD OTHER INFORMATION DISPLAYED MFD summary

 

The MFD also displays the following data:

1.            The ground speed and airspeed.

2.            The wind speed and heading.

3.            The pitch of the aircraft.

4.            The NEXT waypoint identification, distance and ETA.

5.            The heading deviation. This visualises the heading difference between the heading programmed by the FMC when a route is ACTIVE and the actual heading of the aircraft (the difference being due to the wind).

6.            The ascending or descending distance to the programmed target altitude, pointed out by a green arc moving back and forth and the distance clearly displayed in nautical miles.

 

And, of course, the NAV1 & 2, ADF1 & 2 information, in accordance with the positions of the EFIS switches.

 

The VOR2 is displayed in 2 modes according to the switch in the FMC, NAV RADIO PAGE. In standard mode (at initialization) VOR2 is like an ADF. When option selected is VOR2 then VOR2 is displayed as a VOR, in green.

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE: The new PFD and EICAS Upper (which first appeared in Update 1) are included in the Backup function of the MFD, accessible using the master switch above the PFD:

 

 

ALTERNATE AIRPORT                                MFD summary

 

 

To access the ALTERNATE DEST page click on MENU, then on INDEX on the left, then on ALTN on the right.

 

 

In the preceding example, with Map Zoom at 80 nm, the first five airports found with a runway maximum length above 6000 feet are listed. The nearest one is AZ06. These airports are retrieved as follows. The FMC examines the list of airports in Flight Simulator and identifies those within the Map Zoom area having a runway of a minimum of XXXX feet. If more than 100 are identified only the first 100 are recorded (This can occasionally mean that some suitable airports are not listed but the number is limited to 100 to save machine resources.)

 

The MFD then reports the name, heading and position of the nearest airport on the map.

 

 

 

Entering 10000 feet in the Runway Minimum Length changes the list. The closest airport is KLUF and only two airports are listed.

 

 

And the MFD reports the new closest airport.

 

 

REMARK: in the above picture, a green arc of circle indicates the position of the aircraft when the AP programmed altitude will be reached, when climbing or descending.

 

5.6  nm gives the distance to the point

 

1.1 mn indocates the time to this point

 

 

The default value for the runway length, when selecting an alternate airport, is 6000 feet. However you can change this value by entering another at any time. The entry format is: XXXXX, which is the runway length in feet. The minimum accepted value is 4000. The ALTERNATE first airport displayed in the FMC is then the nearest one corresponding to this new value.

 

If an emergency occurs and you wish to go immediately to an ALTERNATE AIRPORT, just click on the corresponding switch. Then LNAV and VNAV are set OFF, FLCH is set ON and the aircraft heads towards this airport. You can then adjust the VS according to the airport distance. To go back to the planned route just click on LNAV and VNAV buttons. The FMC then automatically adjusts the heading and VS to follow the ACTIVE ROUTE again.

 

 

THE VOR NAV ARROWS                             MFD summary

 

 

The VOR NAV arrows are unstable and flicker, exactly as they do in an actual Boeing 747.

 

 

BACKUP OF THE PFD                                   MFD summary

 

 

 

 

 

APPROCH AND TRANSITION DISPLAYED IN THE MFD

                                                                          MFD summary

 

 

The MFD displays the loaded APPROACH and TRANSITION. The APPROACH name is displayed on the left and the TRANSITION name is displayed on the right.. See also FMC DEP ARR PAGE.

 

 

 

 

TRAFFIC DISPLAY AND TCAS

 

This is the most important news in this release.

 

WARNING: the JSGPanels B747 panel is very big software. If you use it on a small powerful PC the performances may not be the best!!! For example, on a DELL XPS8300 with Core I7 processor and all the slides to the maximum, the average frame rate is about 25. With a double screen configuration, this average frame rate is about 15.

 

SOME TIPS: to get the best performances, launch FSX just after having switched the PC On. Avoid launching lot of other programs simultaneously. Some FSX parameters are very frame eaters: clouds or ground scenery shadows for example.

 

Check you have the following parameter in your fsx.cfg file if you have a multi-processor PC:

 

[JOBSCHEDULER]

AffinityMask=4

1 = 1 core 0001

3 = 2 cores 0011

7 = 3 cores 0111

15 = 4 cores 1111

 

 

TCAS IN THIS NEW PANEL VERSION

 

TCAS: the TCAS is complete and simulates the actual TCAS. There are several TCAS systems, such as Honeywell or Garmin or some others, and each of them has his own characteristics depending on the current standards and aircraft type. The distances and speeds are different for a low aircraft such as the CESSNA 172 and a big jet such as the BOEING 747.

 

We do not pretend to realize a complete TCAS SYSTEM, but we have tried to simulate the main functions and applied standards for big jets according to TCAS 620. The goal is also to save an acceptable frame rate.

 

 

OPERATION:

 

For easier understanding, in the following, your aircraft is named “your aircraft” and other aircraft which is flying dangerously in front of you is named “intruder”.

 

The TCAS is operational when “In air aircraft” is selected in the FMC TCAS page 3 (See FMC TCAS PAGES hereafter) and the TCAS is switched ON.

 

The MFD displays the 5 first aircraft which have the following characteristics in an area of 43 miles around the aircraft. This distance may be modified in the FMC but is limited to 50 by FSX.

 

1 – At a distance less than 21 miles,

2 – At an altitude less than 9900 feet beneath or above,

3 – In front of the aircraft from 45° from the left to 45° to the right.

 

A complete list of all the aircraft flying around your aircraft is given in the FMC page 2.

 

At 450 knots, the distance of 21 miles represents a time of 168 seconds (2 mn 48 s) and a distance of 10 miles represents a time of 80 seconds (1 mn 20 s).

 

2 situations may happen:

 

1 – TRAFFIC ADVISORY (TA): an aircraft is in the area from 10 to 21 miles and at an altitude from 2500 to 9900 feet beneath or above. A yellow message “Traffic” is displayed in the MFD. The aircraft is marked with a yellow circle,

A sound “Traffic” is played ounce:

 

 

Picture 1

 

 

2 –RESOLUTION ADVISORY (RA): this means you MUST ABSOLUTELY react. An aircraft is at a distance less than 10 miles and at an altitude less than 2500 feet beneath or above, in front of your aircraft in an angle of -90° left to 90° right. A red message: “Traffic! Traffic!” is displayed in the MFD. The intruder is marked with a full red square.

 

When the intruder is in an angle from 45° left to 45° right and flying against your aircraft heading = your heading +180° +/- 20° (see Picture 2) a sound is played every 5 seconds “Descend! Descend!” or “Climb! Climb!” depending on the altitude of the aircraft. See Picture 2 and 3.

 

When the intruder is at a distance less than 5 nm, a sound is played “Increase Descend” or “Increase Climb”. When intruder is out of the danger area, behind your aircraft for example, a sound is played “Clear of conflict”.

 

 

 

Picture 2

 

 

REMARKS:

 

-         Using the TCAS when taking OFF or landing may be boring due to the number of aircraft around you. Reduce the number of aircraft to 1 and if necessary the distance and altitude in the FMC TCAS Page 3.

 

-         The TCAS is also simulated by FSX: the aircraft in front of you will climb or descend according to the same rule. If you are at an altitude under the aircraft in front of you the TCAS will order “Descend” and the aircraft in front of you will climb up, and reverse. See Picture 4.

 

-         In case of a RA SITUATION, the rule says YOU MUST IMPERATIVELY EXECUTE what the TCAS orders and NOT what the ATC says.

 

-         In these 2 cases the message displays the aircraft type, distance and speed.

 

-         The TCAS is displayed only in the MFD half window to save frame rate.

 

-         At the end of a RA SIMULATION there is a delay of a few seconds between the end of RA situation and the call “Clear of conflict”.

 

-         In some aircraft.cfg the information is not correct or absent. Either the airline is not present or the flight number or the ident is not correct. This may be confusing when checking the aircraft in the FMC and the MFD map. This does not depend on the JSGPanels panel.

 

 

Picture 3

 

See also attached pictures.

 

 

PICTURE 4

 

List of the sound files

 

gl-TCASClear.wav          Clear of conflict

gl-TCASClimbUP  .wav           Climb! Climb!”

gl-TCASClimbUPB.wav          Increase Climb

gl-TCASDescend.wav              Descend! Descend!”

gl-TCASDescendB.wav            Increase Descend

gl-TCASMCPAlert.wav           Permanent alert sound

gl-TCASTraffic.wav                 “Traffic !”

gl-TCASTTraffic.wav               “Traffic Traffic !”

 

 

 

 

EXEMPLE OF RA SITUATION:

 

 

Picture 6

        

 

 

ADJUSTING THE BRIGHTNESS OF THE PFD AND MFD WINDOWS

                                                                             MFD summary

 

You can adjust the brightness of the PFD and MFD by using the knobs on the upper left part of the panel:

 

 

4-1-4 BACKUP HSI                           Forward Panel Summary

 

 

When PITOT HEAT is not activated a red arm is lowered in the backup HSI to draw attention to the fact that, unless you switch the device on, it will not be operational when you climb to a higher altitude.

 

 

You can adjust the FD pitch with the round button.

 

 

4-1-5 EICAS UPPER and LOWER  Forward Panel Summary

 

 

The EICAS Lower is not entirely displayed when panel is in “Captain look forward” position. This is to adapt the EICAS Upper whose size is normally the same as PFD and MFD. But it is entirely displayed in the “Look to throttle” view.

 

 

EICAS UPPER DISPLAY                               Forward Panel

 

The Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS Upper)

 

The thrust option selected in the THRUST page of the FMC is displayed in the EICAS upper.

When thrust CLB 1 or CLB 2 is selected for climb, the computed value of maximum thrust is displayed above the current engines EPR.

 

 

 

ALERT MESSAGES

 

Alert messages are displayed in the following conditions:

 

DURING INITIALIZATION

Messages are displayed to inform you of the status of PASSENGERS SIGNS, CABIN LIGHT, FUEL VALVES, GENERATORS and HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS.

 

You can cancel or recall this list at any time by clicking the CANCEL or CALL switch on the right side of the MCP.

 

 

WHEN FLYING:

 

One or more alert messages are displayed if certain situations arise during the flight. YELLOW MESSAGES indicate that a dangerous situation has arisen. For example, FUEL LOW or SINK LIMIT. WHITE MESSAGES indicate that a device is in an incorrect position. For example: BEACON OFF or NAV OFF.

 

  

 

You can cancel or recall this list at any time by clicking the CANCEL or CALL switch on the right side of the MCP.

 

 

REMARK: When CALL is clicked, a blue ‘Recall’ message is displayed on the EICAS Upper even if there is no alert message to be displayed.

FLAPS CONFIG: if you increase engine power while taxiing and your ground speed rises to more than 25 without the flaps being at least at the 10 position, an alert message is displayed:

 

 

 

TRIM POSITION

 

The suggested trim position has been enhanced to facilitate the take-off according to the weight and load of the 747-8. For example:

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOEING 747-8 JSGPanels panel

 

 

 

 

 

TRIM SUGGESTED POSITION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TEAM #

3

8

Complete

 

 

 

 

FUEL

minimum

50%

100%

 

 

 

 

PAYLOAD

0.5

58.5

117.7

pds x 1000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TRIM

0.9

-1.7

-4.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The brightness of the EICAS Upper can be adjusted with the following button:

 

 

EICAS LOWER DISPLAY                             Forward Panel

The Lower EICAS displays the DESTINATION ALTITUDE. This destination can be modified manually on the overhead. See OVERHEAD paragraph.

 

Miscellaneous EICAS LOWER windows:

To display the EICAS windows first cancel THROTTLE. The LOWER EICAS appears. Click the "CALL CANCEL" switch just below the EICAS switches. Click the desired window switch to display an FMC window as follows:

 

The switch at the right of main panel is divided in 2 parts. Left: cancel the miscellaneous windows, right displays windos. When display is requested ENGINES windows is automatically displayed.

 

 

1. The ENGINES window.

This displays the second engines information.

2. The STAT window.

This displays some more information about the engines, APU information (when the two black OVERHEAD APU switches are ON) and the positions of the rudder, spoilers and ailerons. Information is given regarding EMPTY WEIGHT, TOTAL WEIGHT and MAX GROSS WEIGHT. TOTAL WEIGHT is displayed in flashing red if TOTAL WEIGHT > MAX GROSS WEIGHT!!! TCAS is not yet operational.

3. The ELECTRICAL SYSTEM window.

This displays the status of electrical system.

4. The FUEL window.

This displays the levels in ALL the tanks, the quantity being displayed in RED when less than 10%. The Fuel gauge in the EICAS controls the various fuel tanks options in the 747-8. There are three main center tanks plus a main, auxiliary and tip tank for each wing. The actual capacity depends on the aircraft.cfg file of the 747-8 you are using. We have included two Excel files which we have created to compute the fuel required to fly a given distance. You will find instructions on how to use these files in the files themselves. (You should of course modify the capacities of the various fuel tanks in accordance with the type of 747-8 you are using.)

5 - The ECS BLEED AIR window.

This displays the ECS system status according to the switches on the overhead panel.

The ECS window displays the temperature in various areas of the aircraft. At initialization these temperatures are those of the external atmosphere. However, as soon as you correctly position the corresponding OVERHEAD switches, the temperature is reset. Normally, in standard operation, this temperature is 23° C.

 

REMARK: If you forget to position the OVERHEAD switches correctly before take off, the internal temperature of the aircraft will remain the same as the external temperature when climbing. In this case at FL300 your passengers will probably be frozen in a temperature of

–40°C!!! However, even then, all may not be lost because you can switch all the necessary switches ON at any time!

 

The OUTFLOW valves position is displayed.

 

 

6. The HYDRAULIC SYSTEM window.

This displays the status of the hydraulic pumps.

 

7. The DOORS window.

This displays the position of the doors. Doors 2, 3 and 4 are operational on the aircraft itself, but actual position testing does not seem to be possible.

 

8. The GEARS window.

This displays the "transit" phase of the gears and Down/Up.

 

4-1-6 FORWARD PANEL SWITCHES

                                                            Forward Panel Summary

PANEL LIGHT. This is operational only at dusk or night.

LANDING LIGHT switches. These move separately.

CABIN, RECOGNITION, WINGS and LOGO switches. These are all operational but only have an effect if the functions they control are actually present in the aircraft.

RUNWAY and TAXIWAY switches. These are in the correct place but the RUNWAY switch does not work in Flight Simulator.

PANEL LIGHTING switch. One switch controls the Panel Lighting. Three options are available.

A/T, FD, MISC, MASTER OFF. These are lit at the same time as the Panel Light.

SPOILERS switch.

 

REMARK: Only use this function when flying, since the spoilers deploy automatically when landing !!!. This airspeed brake switch on the right side of the main panel operates as follows:

 

1st click on the lower part ARMS the brake,

2nd click on the lower part sets the brake in FULL position,

 

1st click on the upper part sets the brake from FULL to ARM,

2nd click on the upper part DISARM the brake.

 

PFD AP LIGHTS. The MASTER AP, ALT and SPEED switch positions are displayed in the PFD window.

OVERHEAD ACCESS. Click on the switch on the Main Panel.

PASS SIGN Light in the upper EICAS. This displays the setting of the Smoke and Seat Belt signs. ATTENTION: The sign will FLASH if the two signs are not either both on or both off.

RADIO NAV. These two windows display all the information needed for NAV, COM, ADF and XPNDR.

.

BRAKE PRESSURE. This is operational and is lit at night. It is connected to the Parking Brakes. The light can be switched OFF using the left red switch.

 CLOCK:

UPPER LEFT CORNER switch: This starts and stops the clock to cover one period of time.

 

 UPPER RIGHT CORNER switch: This displays either the time and the day/month or the year. When the switch is in its Normal position it displays the time (HH MM). Then first click displays the day and month (DD MM), the second displays the year (YYYY) and the third reverts to the Normal (HH MM) display again.

 

 LOWER LEFT CORNER switch: This has three positions. When it is in position 0 periods of time are NOT accumulated, when it is in position 1 periods of time ARE accumulated and when it is in position 2 the counters are zeroed.

Position 0: no cumulates periods of time,

Position 1: cumulates periods of time,

Position 2: zero to counters.

LOWER RIGHT CORNER switch: Not used.

 

A switch on the left part of the main STARTS, STOPS and ZEROES the clock. This switch is redondant with the one on the clock itself, but it exists in the actual 747, so it had been added to be as accurate as possible to the actual 747.

 

 

 

EVENT RECORDING:

 

You can record a phase of the flight at any moment by clicking on the “Event RCD” switch. This switch starts and stops recording. When recording, a blinking yellow message is displyaed in the PFD:

 

 

This records uncompressed AVI format files to:

 

My Documents\My Videos\…

 

 

4-1-7 THE HEAD-UP DISPLAY      Forward Panel Summary

 

A few months ago Boeing announced that a Head-Up Display (HUD) will be added to the new series of the 737. In anticipation that this will be extended to the 747, we have added it to our 747 panel.

 

The HUD is displayed by clicking on the switch in the upper left corner of the panel:

 

 

In the following figure a landing at Los Angeles runway 25R shows how the HUD works:

 

 

The aim of the game is to keep the five yellow crosses lined up. They disappear one after the other, starting when the aircraft is less than two miles away from the runway entry (ILS distance), so as to provide a better view when landing and after touch down. These crosses are displayed only when FD is ON.

 

 

 

4-1-8 VIRTUAL COCKPIT              Forward Panel Summary

 

A virtual cockpit is included. It displays the MCP, AIRSPEED, HDG, VS, and ALTITUDE.

 

The PFD, MFD, Backup HSI, Backup SPEED, Backup ALTITUDE and EICAS Upper are, of course, displayed. However the EICAS Lower and FMC are NOT displayed (because there is currently no way of doing this).

 

The background for this virtual cockpit is the same one as is used for the standard FS 747_400 but the gauges are the same JSGPanels gauges used in the main panel.

 

REMARK: the VIRTUAL COCKPIT depends on the aircraft, NOT on the panel. Installing this panel in another 747 than the standard FSX one, may affect the Virtual Cockpit display.

 

 

 

 

4-1-9 POPUP WINDOWS AND SWITCHES FUNCTIONS      Forward Panel Summary

 

The nests of popup windows, where sometimes several clicks were required before a particular window could be displayed, have gone!!! Every window can be easily displayed with only 1 click (on the switch corresponding to the window you want to display).

 

For example, when you want to display the EICAS Lower “gear window”, just click on the “gear” switch on the upper right-hand section of the panel. The FMC and THROTTLE displays then disappear and the EICAS Lower is displayed in the gear window.

 

Follow the same procedure to display ENGINES, STATUS, ELECTRICS, ECS, HYDRAULICS and DOORS. In every case to return to the FMC or the THROTTLE simply click on the FMC or the THROTTLE switch.

 

The GPS window is not displayed at initialization. If you want to display it, just click on the GPS switch. Then when you need another window - for example “doors window” - just click once on the “doors” switch.

 

And so on…!!!

 

 

 

4-1-10 NEW RADIOS DEVICES     Forward Panel Summary

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 - 2 - OVERHEAD PANEL          summary of the document

 

4 - 2 - 1 ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL

 

4 - 2 - 2 UTILITY POWER AND BATTERY SWITCHES

 

4 - 2 - 3 APU and EXTERNAL POWER

 

4 - 2 - 4 GENERATOR switches

 

4 - 2 - 5 FUEL VALVE switches

 

4 - 2 - 6 START KNOBS

 

4 - 2 - 7  FUEL CONTROL SWITCHES

 

4 - 2 - 8 OXYGENE MASKS SWITCH

 

4 - 2 - 9 PRESSURIZATION SWITCHES

 

4 - 2 - 10 AIR CONDITIONING switch

 

4 - 2 - 11 ECS BLEED AIR

 

4 - 2 - 12 SPOTLIGHT

 

4 - 2 - 13 DESTINATION ALTITUDE

 

4 - 2 - 14 NEW SWITCHES IN X06 RELEASE

 

 

4 - 2 - 1 ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

 

When in the NORM position, after initialization the throttle is controlled by EPR. AUTOTHROTTLE can also be used.

 

When switched in the ALTN position, the thrust must be manually set. Then the AUTOTHROTTLE, if ON is automatically switched OFF.

 

 

 

 

4 - 2 - 2 UTILITY POWER AND BATTERY SWITCHES

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

The two switches are independent. They control the galleys and utilities - one for the LEFT and the other one for the RIGHT. These are of course only for fun.

 

 

The battery switch is linked to STANDBY power and APU power. There are three ways to supply electrical power to the aircraft: STANDBY POWER, APU POWER or ENGINES POWER. As soon as any one of these is operational, the panel becomes operational. For example: when the APU is ON, clicking on the battery switch has no effect. If STANDBY and APU are OFF then switching OFF the battery switch switches OFF the power and the entire panel then becomes non-operational and all windows turn dark. This allows simulation of a “sleeping aircraft”.

REMARK: The APU is operational in FSX.

 

 

 

After some minutes the panel will be switched off when batteries are empty. In this case click on APU START to start APU. Read next paragraph.

 

 

4 - 2 - 3 APU and EXTERNAL POWER

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

The APU is operational in Flight Simulator FSX. But EXTERNAL POWER is not yet operational.

 

At initialization the APU switch is OFF. Click on right starts APU, but only if ALL engines are stopped. Click on the left stops APU. Remember the engines can be started only if APU is stopped.

 

Status of APU is reported in the EICAS LOWER STATUS window. When APU is running click on the battery switch to restore electric power. The other way is to restart the engines with « Ctrl+E ».

Switch these ON to set the corresponding BLEED AIR APU switch. They are normally set to Standby when the aircraft is parked at the terminal.

                

 

 

SLEEPING AIRCRAFT

 

To stop all power supplies, cut off fuel to stop all engines. Switch OFF the STANDBY, the APU, the MAIN. Then all the panel switches and all the screens become dark and are non-operational. At this point all that can be done is to move the switches manually (as is the case in the real aircraft). You can then, if you wish to, save the flight.

 

REMARK: When either or both of the two switches, STANDBY POWER or APU, is ON, then clicking on the MASTER BATTERY has no effect since, in this case, either the STANDBY POWER or the APU is supplying the power.

 

 

4 - 2 - 4 GENERATOR switches

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

There is one for each engine, allowing each generator to be disconnected separately.

 

4 - 2 – 5 FUEL VALVE switches

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

These four switches are operational and control the flow of fuel into the engines.

 

4 - 2 - 6. START KNOBS

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

Between start knobs 2 switches activate AUTOSTART. (BLEED SWITCHES must first be set to OFF to start engines) and AUTO SHUTDOWN.

 

4 - 2 - 7 FUEL CONTROL SWITCHES

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

FIRST: All the switches are operational so you can play with them and test all the possible configurations. CAUTION: if an engine is not fed, it stops! The 2 only restrictions are:

-          select a center and a lateral one at the same time is not possible,

-          when jettison is done, the 2 main lateral tank2 and tank3 are not emptied.

SECONDLY: the fuel tanks 2 and 3 Main Left and Main Right are names respectively EXTERNAL 1 and EXTERNAL 2 in the FSX “Fuel Load” menu.

On the Boeing 747-8 there are normally 3 fuel feeding phases during flight:

Phase 1: the fuel in center tanks is burn until they are empty.

Phase 2: the fuel in tanks 2 and 3 is burn until the fuel tank level is the same in the 4 tanks so 1 = 2 = 3 = 4

Phase 3: each tank feed the corresponding engine.

FUEL FEEDING PHASE 1:

It is possible to select the CENTER, CENTER2 or CENTER3 tank separately.

This makes it possible to simulate the First Phase which burns fuel first from the auxiliary CENTER3 tank, then from the CENTER2 tank and finally from the main CENTER tank. We have adapted the aircraft.cfg to add a CENTER3 tank and adapt the capacities to the actual ones given in official BOEING documentation.

The EXCEL files allow you to easily compute the necessary fuel load in accordance with your flightplan. (Note: DO NOT overload your aircraft or you won't be able to take off and you will end up in the scenery !!!!)

 

The four FUEL TRANSFER switches are operational. This means that they have to be correctly switched ON or OFF according to the position of the fuel tanks switches. When a standard flight is initialized all switches are ON.

 

In the following example, “MAIN CENTER TANK” is selected. The four fuel transfer switches must be ON.

 

 

If one or more fuel transfer switches are OFF, then the corresponding engines will not receive fuel and will stop. In the following example, MAIN CENTER TANK is selected but the left fuel transfer switches are OFF, so engines 1 and 2 are stopped.

 

 

The fuel tanks selection and the fuel transfer switches are reported in the EICAS Lower fuel window.

 

FUEL FEEDING PHASE 2:

The SECOND PHASE can be simulated by selecting “Tank 2” and Tank 3” with all the 4 fuel transfert switches ON.

 

 

Additionaly the “Fuel Transfert 1 to 4” must be switched ON, as follows:

 

 

 

FUEL FEEDING PHASE 3:

When the fuel tanks levels are the same in all the 4 tanks, then you can switch to the third phase as follows:

 

Switch ON all the 4 tanks:

 

 

The upper fuel switch “Fuel tranfert 1 to 4” must be then switched “OFF” as follows:

 

 

The fuel switches will remain in this configuration until the landing.

 

 

JETTISON:

 

JETTISON is operational in FSX.

Setting the switch in position 2 or 3 starts the fuel dump. Then you have to control the level of the fuel in the EICAS lower FUEL window to stop the dump when necessary. NOTE: the tanks 2 and 3 can not be emptied totally.

 

The position of the fuel JETTISON switch is reported in the fuel window of the EICAS Lower.

 

 

 

In this version the 2 tanks 2 and 3 will not be totally emptied.

 

 

FUEL TO REMAIN:

 

 

The position of the fuel TO REMAIN switch is reported in the fuel window of the EICAS Lower window.

 

This switch has special functions:

 

ON: in air sets FUEL to remain. (Not operational in FSX). On ground, this requests for a fuel truck. This is OPERATIONAL in FSX.

CLICK on OFF: on ground “REPAIR” failures and refill tanks. This is OPERATIONAL in FSX.

 

FUEL EMERGENCY switches. This switch cuts OFF the fuel feed during an emergency.

 

4 - 2 - 8 OXYGENE MASKS SWITCH

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

 

This switch is only for fun. Operation: first click on the cover to open it. Then you have access to the switch itself. At initilization, the switch is in NORMAL position. 1 Click up (+) reset it. The switch goes up and comes back automatically to NORMAL. 1 click down (-) switch is set ON to make the oxygene masks fall down.

 

              

 

 

4 - 2 - 9 PRESSURIZATION SWITCHES

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

 

OUTFLOW VALVE: when open, this sets the pressurisation to the external pressure.

MANL and MANR: when a failure occurs and pressure indicators go down to zero, press these buttons to start the emergency pressurization. The two indicators will then go back up to "normal".

 

 

4 - 2 - 10 AIR CONDITIONING switch

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

This is just for fun and completeness.

The switches positions are reported in the EICAS LOWER ECS window. See EICAS LOWER.

 

4 - 2 - 11 ECS BLEED AIR

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

The 3 packs knobs are operational. The switches must be correctly positioned for starting the engines. See above 'START KNOBS'.

The switches positions are reported in the EICAS LOWER ECS window. See EICAS LOWER.

 

4 - 2 - 12 SPOTLIGHT

                                                            overhead panel summary

 

There is a Spotlight at the left corner.

 

4 - 2 - 12 DESTINATION ALTITUDE  overhead panel summary

The DESTINATION ALTITUDE is displayed in the EICAS lower. This altitude can be manually adjusted.

1 - Click on the upper Black switch,

2 - Then click on right or left white knob to increment or decrement this altitude.

Click areas:

 

3 – For easy use, 2 lights have been added (even if these do not exist in the actual 747)  to display the manual destination altitude. The LANDING ALTITUDE is only displayed when the black PUSH ON switch is ON:

REMARK: in the LEGS page of the FMC, the displayed altitude remains the one of the displayed destination airport.

In all other windows, when in manual mode, the “manual altitude” is displayed followed by “Man”.

 

4 - 2 - 13 NEW SWITCHES IN x06 RELEASE

                                                            overhead panel summary

For the fun some more switches have been implemented on the overhead.

FIRE OVER HEAT: this switch allows testing the 4 engines fire alert switches are operational. When they are switched ON the 4 DISCHARGE switches blink.

ENG APU CARGO: this switch allows testing the APU fire alert and switch is operational. When switched ON the APU and fire cargo switches blink

ELT, EMERGENCY LIGHTS and AUDIO SYSTEM: these are for fun only:

FUEL XFER 1 TO 4: this one is operational.

See 4-2-7 FUEL CONTROL SWITCHES;

 

OVERHEAD LIGHTS TESTER: you can test all the overhead lights are operational using the switch at the bottom right of the OVERHEAD. When switched “ON” all the overhead lights are lit ON for 10 seconds.

 

 

4 - 3 - MAINTENANCE PANEL         summary of the document

Click on the upper part of the OVERHEAD panel to display the MAINTENANCE panel. Click on the MAINTENANCE panel to display again the OVERHEAD. The MAINTENANCE panel is of course not operaional.

 

4 - 4 - AUTOPILOT                               summary of the document

 

 

4-4-1 FULLY AUTOMATIC LANDING

 

4-4-2 MCP

 

AIRSPEED window

MACH/KNOTS switch

HEADING

MAX BANK ADJUST

FLCH switch

LNAV switch

VNAV switch

ALTITUDE HOLD switch

V/S switch

AUTOPILOT MASTER switch

AUTOLAND

VS and ALT

 

4-4-1 FULLY AUTOMATIC LANDING

                                                                                    AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

A fully automatic landing procedure (AUTOLAND) is provided. Note that this is ONLY operational when the flaps are in position 25 or 30 for landing, autopilot is ON and Autoland is NOT cancelled in the APPROACH PAGE of the FMC (see below). The process starts when the aircraft is just beneath 100 feet above the runway. (The Autoland may, of course, be perturbed by strong lateral winds.)

 

What you have to do:

 

-When approaching capture the ILS beam with AUTOPILOT ON and APPR/LOC ON, set the spoilers on ARM and set the AUTOBRAKE as desired,

-Then let the aircraft follow the ILS beam down to the runway,

-Adjust the landing speed to 160 knots and set the flaps according to the approach speed. The aircraft must be stable when entering the Autoland process.

 

(A little tip: in FS the standard command key for AUTOTHROTTLE OFF is SHIFT+R which is not very easy to enter when you are busy trying to land! Replace it by a single keystroke, for example < or Tab which are normally not used. Tab is better since < is not easy to use in xml files for voice recognition)

 

-The Autoland process is automatically started as soon as the aircraft descends below 100 feet.

 

Below 100 feet:

AUTOTHROTTLE is set OFF, AUTOBRAKE is set ON.

 

Below 50feet:

AUTOTHROTTLE, AUTOPILOT and AIRSPEED are set OFF. Nose rises UP.

 

When ONGROUND:

When speed is below 150 knots, SPOILERS are deployed and REVERSE is set ON,

When speed is below 30 knots, TROTTLE is set to 0, SPOILERS are retracted, AUTOBRAKE is set to 0 and FLAPS are retracted.

 

 

EMERGENCY

 

In an emergency situation you can de-activate the Autoland process at any moment by switching down the LOWER KEY on the Autopilot on the Main Panel and taking back manual control of the yoke and throttle.

 

SOME TIPS FOR USING AUTOLAND

 

To capture the beam your speed must be slow enough (about 220 knots) and you must arrive BENEATH the beam and at an angle of LESS THAN 25°,

 

The normal landing speed of the 747 is about 165 knots, depending on the load of the aircraft. For example, with a minimum load this speed can be lowered to 155 knots. The Autoland process has been designed for a speed of 165 knots,

 

Remember that, when on the ground, the indicated radio height is 18 feet which is the height of the cockpit. This is the radio height given in the PFD. However, if you use a sound system, check which radio height is actually given -  cockpit or wheel above ground.

 

CANCELLING AUTOLAND BEFORE LANDING

If you do not wish to use it you can inhibit the Autoland before landing. To do this just click on the corresponding switch on the right-hand side of the APPROACH PAGE of the FMC as shown in the following picture:

 

 

 

 

4-4-2 MCP                                                 AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

 

AIRSPEED:                                           AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

This is displayed only when A/T and AIRSPEED are ON.

 

The centre of the button: when clicked ON, the speed is no longer controlled by the FMC but by the MCP and can be adjusted by clicking - or +.

 

This situation is reported on the VNAV pages of the FMC and the modified speed is displayed in the VNAV pages. See the following picture:

 

 

MACH/KNOTS switch:                           AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

 

Click on this little switch to display either KNOTS or MACH speed.

 

The Mach speed for each phase of the flight is computed to approximately the same equivalent Airspeed and Mach speed in the Autopilot. For more details refer to the attached Excel files.

 

 

HEADING:                                           AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

The actual 747-8 functions are simulated. HOLD ON: the aircraft maintains the current HDG.

The heading displays the internal heading bug position. You can modify it by clicking - or +. Then press SEL and the aircraft turns to the displayed heading.

 

 

MAX BANK ADJUST                            AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

Click on each side of the HOLD switch to adjust the MAX BANK.

 

 

The accepted values for the MAX BANK are 1, 7, 13, 19, 25 degrees.

 

FLCH switch:                                         AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

As in the actual 747-8, VS and ALTITUDE can be modified ONLY if the FLCH switch is ON. If it is OFF, VS and ALTITUDE are locked. See FLIGHT CHANGE in FMC paragraph.

 

 

LNAV switch:                                        AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

When a route is active in the FMC, LNAV drives the aircraft horizintally to follow flightplan.

 

VNAV switch:                                        AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

VNAV has been extended to control the vertical movement of the aircraft.

 

When VNAV is ON, SPEED, VS and ALT are OFF and the aircraft is driven by the FMC program loaded flightplan.

 

Switching VNAV OFF automatically sets SPEED and VS ON. The aircraft continues at the MCP speed and VS and is controlled by the MCP and NOT by the FMC and vertical speed is controlled by the FLCH ON switch.

 

 

ALTITUDE HOLD switch:                      AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

When ON is pressed the autopilot stores the aircraft altitude and then maintains it.

 

 

 

V/S AND ALTITUDE switches:                AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

This allows you to select MANUALLY, (FMC NOT ACTIVE) or modify the V/S and ALTITUDE you wish to fly at. (Remember that the FLCH switch MUST be ON before you can change these parameters). First select V/S ON, and the wheel operates correctly - you turn it UP to make the aircraft got DOWN and DOWN to make it go UP.

 

 

V/S is displayed only when NOT EQUAL TO ZERO. When between 0 and 100, the MCP displays alternatively 0 or 100 depending on the internal value, 1 to 49 and 49 to 99. There is presently no way to modify this.

 

AUTOPILOT MASTER switch:               AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

The ON and OFF functions are separated. To switch the autopilot OFF press the big horizontal key down; to switch it ON first put the large horizontal key UP again and then press CMD.

 

 

AUTOLAND                                         AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

                               

AUTOPILOT ON              AUTOLAND ON

 

 

VS and ALT                                          AUTOPILOT SUMMARY

 

These are automatically switched ON or OFF when the VNAV switch is operated.

 

 

 

4 . 5. THE FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER (FMC)

                                                            summary of the document

 

FMC SUMMARY:

 

FMC Overview

 

FMC GENERAL FUNCTIONS

FMC Control Display Unit (CDU)

FMC Pre-flight procedure

FMC Pre-take-off procedure

 

FMC THE CDU FUNCTION PAGES

The MENU page

The ACT RTE page

The INIT/REF INDEX page

The IDENT page

The POS INIT (position) page

The PERF INIT page

The THRUST LIMIT pages

The TAKE OFF page

The APPROACH page

The ALTERNATE AIRPORT PAGE page

The ATC page

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CLB page

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CRZ page

The (VNAV) MOD ECON DES page

The APPROACH page

The DEP ARR page

The ATC page

The LEGS pages (page 1 of n pages)

The last LEGS page (page n of n)

The PROGRESS page

The HOLD pages

The COM RADIO page

The NAV RADIO page

The FIX PAGE

The FLIGHT CHANGE SWITCH

The PUSHBACK page

The CHECKLISTS page

The TCAS page

The TAXI page

 

 

 

 

FMC Overview                                          FMC SUMMARY

 

At initialization, the FMC looks like this.

 

 

 

It contains many powerful features. It will:

 

 

a)      Follow an FSX FLIGHTPLAN (or by other software and imported into FSX),  including the selected APPROACH PHASE, both horizontally and vertically and in accordance with defined speeds,  allowing it to be changed if required during the flight;

 

b)      Manage the TAKE-OFF thrusts and the climb thrust TOGA, MAX THRUST, CRUISE and AUTOMATIC according to the economic index and weather parameters;

 

c)      Calculate optimum V1, VR, V2 and cruise speed according to the cruise altitude; calculating speeds in both knots AND mach;

 

d)     Control the LNAV (Longitudinal Navigation) and VNAV (Vertical Navigation) functions when climbing, cruising and descending, taking into account economic speeds and altitudes, user-modified speeds and altitudes and TRANSIT and RESTRICTED speeds and altitudes;

 

e)      Manage the function cruise “economic climb” when the aircraft loses weight due to fuel having been burned, in accordance with either the ICAO standard or a user-defined value;

 

f)   Manage the complete HOLD function at an actual position, programmed altitude or at a predefined waypoint with adjustable leg time or distance, speed and altitude;

 

g)      Manage the FIX function, for heading to a specified VOR;

 

h)      Display all necessary information relating to:

ATC - flight number, aircraft ident, etc...,

VNAV - speeds and altitudes,

LEGS - giving for each the waypoint, heading, distance and altitude,

PROGRESS - the actual position, the previous and next waypoints and the Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) and fuel at the destination airport,

APPROACH SPEED - useful information on the flap settings and corresponding speed limits required during an approach, speed and aircraft weight,

NAV – this displays radios, both active and standby, OBS and radials. Searches and retrieves the NAV ILS & COMM codes by entering the ICAO name directly in the FMC.

COMM - radios, both active and standby, transponder and ADF,

POSITION - the current position of the aircraft at the departure airport and (for fun) the three positions of the three IRSs (Inertial Reference Systems);

 

i)        Allow direct data entry of all data into all function pages, VORs ILSs and STARs retrieval by entering directly the ICAO code with mouse clicks on the FMC keyboard itself on the screen;

 

j)        Follow the APPRAOCH and TRANSITION retrieved as described above,

 

k)      Allow the brightness of the display to be adjusted for night flights on both the FMC and the PFD (Primary Flight Display) MFD (Multi Functions display), RADIOs and EICAS Upper and Lower;

 

l)        Allow the aircraft to be flown manually (providing the ROUTE has not been activated);

 

m)    Retrieve an ALTERNATE AIRPORT depending on runway length and airport distance,

 

n)      Last but not least, manage the fully automatic autoland, from the ILS capture to the full stop on the runway.

 

 

 

However it will NOT:

 

Create directly flight plans. (However Flight Simulator itself and other good quality software packages available on the Net do it so well.)

 

 

REMARKS

a)            The FMC is designed to work only with JSGPanels Boeing 747-8 panel,

b)            The FMC is a very large piece of software and it could be difficult to use it with a small PC or Display Screen.

 

 

 

FMC GENERAL FUNCTIONS                    FMC SUMMARY

 

The FMC is the primary means of navigation and automatic flight along the route. It is controlled by using the CDU (Control Display Unit), accessed by clicking on main panel FMC switch to switch the FMC window ON/OFF (as shown in the following picture):

 

 

 

To enter data simply click on the keys on the FMC keyboard and then click on the button on the CDU next to the < or > in the window. If you make a mistake or enter incorrect data, simply click on the CLR key to erase the data and then re-enter it. Additionally, the FMC speed commands can be overridden by pushing the MCP (Mode Control Panel) speed selector knob and selecting a different speed.

 

The FMC computes the take-off speeds for V1, VR and V2 and thrust settings.

 

It calculates the optimal Vertical (altitude) and Speed profiles for the Climb, Cruise and Descent stages of a flight. This calculation accounts for any altitude and speed restrictions defined for enroute waypoints and for speed restrictions and transitions set for climb and descent. The vertical and speed profile can be flown automatically using the VNAV autopilot mode. The crew can level the aircraft off at any assigned altitude without leaving the VNAV mode by modifying the altitude on the VNAV page.

 

Based on a computed optimum altitude, it automatically calculates Step Climb points to minimize fuel consumption by climbing to higher altitudes as fuel burns and the weight of the aircraft decreases.

 

It allows the flight progress monitoring by estimating the time of arrival and remaining fuel to both the next waypoint and the destination airport.

 

It automatically computes the TOD (Top of Descent) point which allows the aircraft to descend on idle or minimal thrust in order to minimize fuel consumption.

 

Holding patterns can be automatically flown in LNAV either at the present position or any defined altitude.

 

DATA ENTRY: to enter numeric or alphanumeric data, click directly on the FMC keyboard and, if necessary the “decimal point and/or the “/” and/or  + or -, then click on the desired switch on the CDU corresponding to < or >. If you did a mistake, then click on the CLR switch to erase the entered data.

 

 

 
FMC:  The Control Display Unit (CDU)
                                                                     FMC SUMMARY

 

FMC - CDU Summary

 

The CDU contains many pages, each of which relates to a specific FMC function. They are selected with the Mode Select keys. In addition, some keys such as INIT REF and VNAV themselves contain several sub-pages.

 

Pressing a key automatically displays a page containing data updated to reflect the current contents of the FMC, the location of the aircraft and the setting of the controls. Pages can also be selected by pressing the PREV PAGE or NEXT PAGE buttons or can be chosen from a list by selecting the < INDEX prompt.

 

a)      INIT REF:

q  IDENT displays the aircraft and engine model, the nav data used and the nav data validity times,

q  POS INIT displays the IRS position initialization,

q  PERF INIT (Performance Initialization) displays the aircraft weights, cruise altitude and cost index,

q  THRUST LIMIT displays the reference thrust limits, reduced and derated thrust,

q  TAKE OFF REF displays the take-off VNAV profile and take-off reference speeds,

q  APPROACH REF displays the Approach reference speeds,

q  MENU displays simulator-specific functions;

b)      RTE displays the route origin and the destination airport;

c)      DEP ARR allows to search for an approach procedure for a given airport

d)     NAV:

q  CLB VNAV displays the climb parameters,

q  CRZ VNAV displays the cruise parameters,

q  DES VNAV displays the descent parameters ;

e)      LEGS displays the enroute waypoints;

f)       HOLD displays the holding pattern parameters;

g)      PROGRESS displays flight progress and time/fuel estimations;

h)      MENU displays simulator-specific functions,

i)        NAV RADIO displays the navigation radios.

 

 

FMC Pre-flight procedure                                         FMC SUMMARY

 

VERY IMPORTANT: to enter correct values and flightplan follow the initialisation procedure of the FMC exactly as described below.

 

ON THE FMC:

 

a)     Load a flightplan;

b)     The IDENT page is displayed at initialization. Verify the engine type and nav data times. (Real aircraft operations are illegal if the nav data is expired);

c)     Select the POS INIT page. Verify the IRS positions are displayed, else call the Overhead and position them correctly using the three IRS buttons;

d)    Select the ROUTE page and activate the route by selecting ACTIVATE. EXEC lights up yellow. The  previously-loaded flightplan is active;

e)     Press the INIT REF key and select the INDEX prompt;

f)      Open the PERF INIT page. Enter the economic index (1-9999) you want to use. (1 is the most economical setting, 9999 causes the most expensive fuel consumption - but the fastest speed!);

g)     Enter the cruise altitude format is FLXXX where XXX is the altitude in hundreds. Exemple for 28000 feet enter FL280,

h)     Open the THRUST LIM page. Select the desired take-off thrust and arm the desired Climb thrust. (Normal is TO and CLB.) Enter the ambient temperature.

i)       Open the TAKE OFF page. Enter the runway conditions D(DRY) or W(WET);

j)       Enter the flaps setting you want to use (10 or 20);

k)     Confirm the computed V speeds by clicking on the corresponding >. (The TRIM position for take-off is suggested by the FMC);

l)       Enter the END OF ACCELERATION height and the THRUST REDUCTION height as desired. (Normally 1000 and 2000 feet.) NOTE: these show the height above the ground and NOT the altitude above sea level!

 

The pre-flight process is complete and the FMC is ready to guide the aircraft laterally, vertically and at the selected speeds along the route when the LNAV and VNAV modes have been engaged on the MCP.

 

 

FMC Pre-take-off procedure                                   FMC SUMMARY

 

ON THE MCP:

a)     Click A/T ON;

b)     Click FD ON;

c)     Set the MASTER AP lower key UP;

d)    Position the FLAPS as entered in the FMC (10 or 20);

e)     Set the TRIM position at least at the position indicated by the TAKE OFF FMC;

 

VERY IMPORTANT- NEVER SWITCH THE MASTER AUTOPILOT “ON” WHEN ON THE GROUND OR BEFORE THE TAKE-OFF HAS BEEN COMPLETED! ON GROUND THIS MAKES THE TRIM TO BE ADJUSTED;

 

 

f)      Set VNAV ON - take-off starts immediately and automatically;

g)     Control the take-off with the Yoke until you set the autopilot on;

h)     Set the MASTER AUTOPILOT ON when above the END OF ACCELERATION height.

i)       Set LNAV when necessary.

 

The aircraft is then under the control of the FMC and the MCP and in automatic flight.

 

 
FMC THE CDU FUNCTION PAGES         FMC SUMMARY

 

The MENU page

 

To access press the MENU key.

 

 

 

NAV calls the NAV page

COMM calls the COMM page

 

 

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

ENG START autostarts all 4 engines

SHUT DOWN shuts down all 4 engines

REINIT VALUES  reinitializes all values for a new flight

MAP VIEW calls MAP VIEW

KNEE BOARD calls the KNEEBOARD

PUSHBACK starts stops PUSHBACK

 

RE-INITIALIZATION PROCEDURE TO BE USED WHEN STARTING A SECOND FLIGHT (OR, OF COURSE, FLIGHTPLAN):

 

1.- De-activate the existing Flightplan by clicking on the EXEC button (if it is lit up yellow);

2.- Load the new Flightplan, using the standard FSX procedure;

3.- Re-initialize the values in the FMC by clicking on "REINIT VALUES >" (causing it to display in Bright mode);

4.- Activate the new Flightplan by clicking on "ACTIVATE >" in the ROUTE window.

 

 


 

The ACT RTE page                                                        FMC SUMMARY

 

To access press the RTE key.

 

 

KPHX - departure airport

 

[CO ROUTE is not yet implemented]

 

2133 - the runway length recommended by ATC

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

KJFK - destination airport

 

FLT NO - ATC flight number

 

 

 

ACTIVATE activates the loaded flightplan

When the Route is activated the EXEC button is lit YELLOW (Clicking on EXEC deactivates the route)

 

 

Clicking on the ACTIVATE > right button to activate the loaded flightplan initializes all the implicit values for speeds and altitudes.

 

 

FLIGHTPLAN CHANGE WHILE FLYING

 

If you wish to you can change a Flightplan partway through a flight.

 

To do this simply go to the Flight Simulator FLIGHT PLANNER and create or load a new Flightplan which has the SAME departure airport as the previous one but a DIFFERENT destination airport. When you have done this, Flight Simulator will ask you if you would like it to move the aircraft back to the departure airport. You, of course, reply NO (!). The new Flightplan is then automatically loaded into the FMC.

 

However, in order to make this new Flightplan work correctly, you MUST yourself change it to make the NEXT waypoint along it from your current position the FIRST one in the list. To do this you MUST immediately cancel ALL the waypoints from the new Flightplan which the aircraft would already have passed through if that Flightplan had been in use from the beginning of the flight.

 

Example: Your first operational Flightplan is from Phoenix to Los Angeles.

 

 

 

 

 

Part of the way through the flight you decide to fly to San Diego instead. So you create a new Flightplan which looks like this.

 

 

 

However, the new NEXT waypoint must be ahead of the aircraft. GBN, JUDTH, MOHAK and BZA are all behind it and so you have to IMMEDIATELY cancel them from the new Flightplan. If not, the FMC will consider the NEXT waypoint to be the FIRST waypoint out from Phoenix (GBN) and so will proceed to turn the aircraft round and fly back to it!

 

In this example all waypoints between Phoenix and IPL have been cancelled and the new Flightplan looks like this.

 

 

 

 

When changing the Flightplan in this way you must ensure that the result is logically consistent with what you want to do because, being a computer program, the FMC will always do exactly what it  is instructed to do - and only that. However, if you do take care, the FMC will change over to and execute the new Flightplan correctly.

 

 

 

 

 

The INIT/REF INDEX page                                             FMC SUMMARY

 

To access press the INIT REF key.

 

 

IDENT calls the IDENT page

POS calls the POS INIT page

PERF calls the PERF INIT page

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

TAKE OFF calls the TAKE OFF page

APPROACH calls the APPROACH page

 

 

[NAV DATA displays information about airports and radios]

[ALTNalternate airport page]

 

 

 

 

 

MENU calls the MENU page

 

 

(The following six sub-pages are all accessed from the INIT/REF INDEX page)

 

 

The IDENT page                                                            FMC SUMMARY

 

Boeing 747-8 ER - aircraft identification

 

Microsoft FSX © - FS release

 

GL747-V.X06 - version of panel  to be used

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

GEnx 2B87 - engines type

 

Jan 2009 - peremption date (just for fun!) or “best before date”. But, of course, FMC will run beyond this date;

  

 

POS calls the POS INIT page

 

 

 

The POS INIT (position) page                                           FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

[FIND is not yet implemented]

 

[ALL is not yet implemented]

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

LAST POS - last marked position

AIRCRAFT POS - current position of aircraft

NEXT POS - position of next waypoint

IRS POS (just for fun) - the three IRS positions

(displayed when the three overhead IRS buttons are ON)

ROUTE calls the ROUTE page

 

 

 

 

The PERF INIT page                                                      FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COST INDEX - the economic index (entered as a value between 1 and 9999)

 

 

FL 275 - the entered cruise altitude

 

478 knots - the calculated cruise speed

 

STEP SIZE - step to climb (see VNAV cruise)

 

 

COST INDEX is used as a way of calculating the most suitable flight speed. Higher values result in higher speeds but cause more fuel to be burned and reduce the maximum range of the flight. Conversely, lower values result in lower speeds but cause less fuel to be burned and increase the maximum range of the flight. A value must be entered to obtain an ECON SPEED in VNAV cruise.

ENTRY FORMT 1 to 9999 IS:

X

XX

XXX

XXXX

 

COST INDEX can be modified at any time during a flight. It is a convenient way of adjusting the Cruise Speed.

 

 

 

The THRUST LIMIT pages (page 1 of 2)                            FMC SUMMARY

 

 

25.0 ° - the selected ambient temperature

 

TO      )  - selected engine

-5 %    ) thrust for the first

-15 %  ) phase of the take-off

 

 

 INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

1.04 - the selected thrust limit

 

CLB    )  - the thrust

CLB1  ) selected for the

CLB2  ) climb phase

 

 

 

TAKE OFF calls the TAKE OFF page

 

 

All thrust parameters selected are also displayed in the new upper EICAS window included in this package.

 

Enter the ambient temperature. This temperature is used by the FMC to compute various thrusts. Choose between TO, -5% or -15% by clicking on the corresponding button.

 

For the climbing phase, arm CLB or CLB 1 or CLB 2. There are three phases when taking off:

a)      From ground to END OF ACCELERATION HEIGHT - choose between TO,

-5% or -15% to adjust the thrust you want to use;

b)      From END OF ACCELERATION HEIGHT to THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT - thrust will be reduced to maintain 280 knots (1).

c)      CLIMBING PHASE from THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT to CRUISE ALTITUDE. Thrust will be adjusted according to the thrust previously entered into CLB, CLB1 or CLB2.

 

Page 2 of the THRUST LIMIT page (see below) is automatically displayed when the aircraft is above the THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT.

 

 

 

The THRUST LIMIT pages (page 2 of 2)                            FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

GA     )  - optional climb

CON  )  procedure

CRZ   )

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

 

0.99 - the selected thrust limit

CLB      the thrust limit

CLB 1   selected for the

CLB 2   climb phase

 

VNAV calls the current VNAV page

 

 

This page is automatically displayed when above THRUST REDUCTION HEIGHT.

Implicitly, one of the three values CLB, CLB 1 or CLB 2 is selected according to the position of <ARM> in page 1. You can then select (<SEL>) any one of the six options by clicking on the appropriate left or right switch, thus:

q      GA - the TOGA function,

q      CON - maximum thrust,

q      CRZ - fly horizontally at this altitude and at 280 knots (1),

q      CLB - climb at 280 knots (1) using flightplan VS,

q      CLB 1 and 2 - economic thrust, limited to the calculated thrust displayed in the FMC.

 

Concerning CLIMB SPEED:

(1)  REMARK 1 - the implicit values are 280 knots under 10,000 feet and 330 knots above 10,000 feet. These speeds are modified in accordance with the speeds and altitudes entered for TRANSITION and RESTRICTED. See VNAV pages.

 

(2) REMARK 2 - the 747-8 engines are very powerful, so GA and CON are in practice difficult to use because they can quickly cause an OVERSPEED condition. (If this happens,  CLB, CLB 1 or CLB 2 must be selected instead.)  Conversely, using CLB 1 or 2 can significantly reduce the overall speed.

 

(3) REMARK 3 - the TRANSITION and RESTRICTED speeds ONLY come into use when climbing in CLB mode.

 

So, in most cases, CLB is the most efficient and useful option.

 

 

 

The TAKE OFF page                                                                  FMC SUMMARY

 

10/ 1134 FT - the selected flap position and airport altitude

1000 FT - the end of acceleration height

2000 FT CLB - the thrust reduction height

WIND/SLOPE wind relative speed in knots and runway slope + or -.

DRY or WET -  runway conditions

INDEX calls the INDEX page

126 KT  - suggested V1

160 KT  - suggested VR

192 KT  - suggested V2

3.5 - suggested trim position for take-off 

023 % - calculated CG

[POSE  SHIFT is not yet implemented]

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

 

 

 

You can enter new values for E/O ACCELERATION and TH REDUCTION if you wish to modify them.

FLAPS position: enter 10 or 20.

WIND/SLOPE entry format: XX/+-X wind value 0 to 100, slope value –9 to +9 degrees. To obtain - click 2 times on +/-.

RWY COND: enter D for dry or W for WET.

When all the parameters are correctly entered V1, VR and V2 are displayed. If you wish to, you can change any or all of these values by entering a new value. When you are satisfied with the values shown, confirm them by clicking on the switches to the right of each one.

 

 

The APPROACH page                                                    FMC SUMMARY

 

 

754.9 - weight at arrival when landing

 

 

 

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

20/209 - reference speed for this flaps configuration

 

20/200 - flaps configuration and speed

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

 

 

 

CANCELLING AUTOLAND BEFORE LANDING

 

If you do not wish to use it you can inhibit the Autoland before landing. To do this just click on the corresponding switch on the right-hand side of the APPROACH PAGE of the FMC as shown in the following picture:

 

 

 

The DEP ARR page                                                        FMC SUMMARY

 

 

You can find the STARs of an airport, LOAD an APPROACH, ACTIVATE an APPROACH and ACTIVATE a FINAL.

1- FINDING AN APPROACH

 

To find an APPROACH, click on the button at the left of “ICAO CODE”. “ICAO CODE” is then highlighted. Enter the 4 digit ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example, click on K then L then A then X (exactly the same process as for the VOR or COMM radios). Then click on the button to the left of “VALID” to validate what you have entered. Once you have done this, the keyboard is unlocked and the FMC displays the names of all available APPROACHES. Thus:

 

 

 

If more approaches are available than can be fitted onto the one page, click on PREVIOUS PAGE or NEXT PAGE to search the full list. Then select an approach by clicking on the corresponding right-hand switch. For example: ILS 24R.

 

The FMC then displays the TRANSITIONS list for this approach:

 

 

 

 

Again if more transitions are available that can be fitted onto the one page, click on PREVIOUS PAGE or NEXT PAGE to search the full list. Then select a transition by clicking on the corresponding right-hand switch. For example, DENAY.

 

You can return to the preceding page at any moment by clicking on the BACK switch at the bottom of the screen. Even if a procedure is LOADED and ACTIVATED, you can go back to the first page and select another APPROACH/TRANSITION.

 

The FMC then displays the selected APPROACH/TRANSITION:

 

 

 

 

The runways number and length can be displayed. Click on the corresponding switch on the left to list them in page 2 and 3:

 

 

 

2     ACTIVATING AN APPROACH OR VECTOR

 

When you are ready to activate an approach or vector procedure, click on the appropriate right-hand switch. This causes the selected PROCEDURE and TRANSITION to be added to the FLIGHTPLAN. The APPROACH is displayed in the MFD:

 

 

 

 

 

When you are ready to activate an APPROACH or VECTOR, click on the appropriate right-hand switch on the FMC. The FMC will then make the aircraft follow the selected TRANSITION.

 

You can delete all the APPROACHES/TRANSITION pages by clicking on the CLEAR switch. However, as with the standard FS GPS, it is not at present possible to “cancel” an ACTIVATED APPROACH. The only thing to do is choose another one.

 

To follow the selected APPROACH/TRANSITION, you must, of course, have a flightplan and a route, ACTIVATED in the FMC and switch the AUTOPILOT and LNAV ON.

 

You can delete all the APPROACHES/TRANSITION pages by clicking on the CLEAR switch. Eventhough, as in the standard FS GPS, it seems presently not possible to “cancel” an ACTIVATED APPROACH. The only thing to do is choose another one.

 

To follow the selected APPROACH/TRANSITION, you must, of course, have a flightplan and a route ACTIVATED in the FMC and switch AUTOPILOT and LNAV ON.

 

The runways number and length can be displayed. Click on the corresponding switch on the left to list them in page 2 and 3:

 

        

 

 

The ALTERNATE AIRPORT PAGE page                        FMC SUMMARY

 

To access to the ALTERNATE PAGE click on MENU, then on INDEX on the left, then on ALTN on the right.

 

 

In the preceding exemple with map zoom at 80 nm, the 5 first airports found with a runway maximum length above 6000 feet are listed. The nearest one is AZ06. These 5 airports are retrieved as follows: FMC examine in the FS list, the 100 first ones in an area of yyy nautic miles (the zoom value) having a runway of a minimum of XXXX feet. That means perhaps there some others in the FS list. But the number of airports searched is limited to 100 for saving performances.

SEE ALSO MFD WINDOW

 

The ATC page                                                                FMC SUMMARY

 

To access press the ATC key.

 

 

BOEING - aircraft type

B744 /N747K - aircraft model and identification

Landmark - company name

1123 - ATC flight number

Boeing 747-8 - aircraft title in aircraft.cfg file

2133 - the take-off runway length recommended by ATC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2133 - the landing runway length recommended by ATC

 

 

 

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CLB page                                 FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the VNAV pages, press the VNAV key then PREV PAGE or NEXT PAGE.

 

 

FL275 - the entered cruise altitude

0.550/ 330 - the economic climb speed

280/ 10000 - the transition climb speed and altitude

REST SPD - the restricted airport vicinity speed and altitude

 

 

KOFFA - the ident of the next waypoint

 

[TRANS ALT altitude of acceleration

 

 

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT page

 

The aircraft will climb at the stated economy climb speed unless it is flying below the restriction or transition altitudes set on this page. (If desired, any of these speeds can be altered manually.)

 

Below the speed transition altitude the speed will be limited to the speed displayed in the SPD TRANS line. However, if a speed restriction is entered it will also be taken into account and the actual speed used will be the lowest of these three speeds.

 

There are two ways of changing the current climb speed:

q      A new speed can be entered in the ECON SPD line. When this is done the  title of the line changes to SEL SPD. The ECON symbol is then displayed and the entered value will be the new target speed. (A speed entered in this way can be deleted by clicking on < ECON.)

q      An MCP speed intervention can be employed. Normally in VNAV the MCP speed window is blank. However, if you Push the MCP speed selector, the SPD window will unblank and open to the currently selected climb speed. The speed displayed in the SPD window can then be adjusted and will override all FMC computed speeds. This mode is indicated by the CLB page title changing to ACT MCP SPD CLB. To resume FMC speed control push the speed selector knob again - this blanks the MCP SPD window and returns control to the FMC.

 

CRZ ALT entry format: XXX (

 

SPD TRANS entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

REST SPD entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

When a value has been entered in SPD TRANS or REST SPD, clicking again on the corresponding < will reset the original value.

 

 

CLIMB TRANSIT ALTITUDE

 

The climb transit altitude can be entered in the FMC:

 

 

Format:  Enter XXX to indicate the FLxxx climb transit altitude and click on the corresponding right switch.  XXX must be less than 350.

Click again on the right-hand switch to set it back to 0.

 

When climbing, the ECON CLIMB SPEED remains set at 330 knots while the aircraft is under TRANSIT ALTITUDE. When it is above TRANSIT ALTITUDE the ECON CLIMB SPEED is set as follows:

 

From TRANSIT ALTITUDE to 35000 feet the airspeed is set to 400 knots, Mach 0.69,

 

From 35000 to 40000 feet the airspeed is set to 450 knots, Mach 0.775,

 

Above 40000 feet the airspeed is set to 500, Mach 0.88.

(Note that this only happens when the cruise altitude and speed are above these values. If they are not the ECON CRUISE SPEED is used instead.)

 

This progressive increase in speed makes the acceleration more progressive above TRANSIT ALTITUDE and minimises the risk of a stall.

 

 

The (VNAV) MOD ECON CRZ page                                 FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

FL275 - the entered cruise altitude

0.798/ 478 - the economic cruise speed

 

STEP SIZE - the number of feet to climb. (If this is the standard 4,000 feet, “ICAO” is displayed)

 

 

315 - the cruise altitude to  climb to

WAIT - when the aircraft is ready to climb “Now” is displayed

KLAX  - destination airport

00:00 z - arrival time (only displayed after take-off)

249.0 - the fuel calculated to be in the tanks at arrival

 

 

This page is automatically displayed when the aircraft reaches cruise altitude.

 

Cruise Altitude displays and allows the cruise altitude to be entered (in exactly the same way as in the PERF INIT and the other VNAV pages).

The VNAV CRUISE WINDOW displays the wind force and direction, the pressure and the ambient temperature:

 

CRZ ALT entry format: XXX

ECON SPD entry format: XXX knots

SPD/ALT entry format: XXX or XXX/XXXXX

STEP SIZE entry format: XXXXX minimum 500 maximum 9000

 

The FMC calculates the most economic cruise speed based on the COST INDEX entered in the PERF INIT page. This speed can be overridden by entering a new speed or via the MCP speed intervention (in exactly the same way as in the VNAV CLB page).

 

The FMC constantly computes the Optimum cruise altitude - the altitude at which fuel consumption will be the most efficient taking into account the distance yet to be travelled - and the Step Climb is a way of reducing fuel consumption and costs for long flights. At the beginning of flight, with the aircraft fully loaded with fuel, the optimal cruise altitude will be low, FL275 for example. As time passes and fuel is consumed, the aircraft gets lighter and can climb to higher altitudes (at which flight is of course more efficient). The standard procedure is to start the flight with low cruise altitude and climb to higher altitudes in steps as the aircraft gets lighter.

 

The ICAO recommended step size is a 4,000 foot increment. Normally before a flight the cruise altitude is set to the expected Optimum altitude plus 2000 feet.

 

Until a step point is reached “WAIT” is displayed. As soon as the point is reached, however, the display changes to “NOW”. Click on the corresponding > switch and the aircraft will start to climb to the new cruise altitude. A new STEP TO cruise altitude is then calculated based on the chosen STEP SIZE.

 

The FMC automatically calculates optimal Step Climb points, based on the initially entered cruise altitude.

 

 

 

 

FL168 - the entered cruise altitude

0.731/ 438 - the modified cruise speed

ICAO - the number of feet to climb. ( If this is the standard 4,000 feet, “ICAO” is displayed)

ECON - displayed when cruise speed has been manually modified

 

 

 

WAIT 5 mn19 s - the time to the next ICAO climb point (Click the > as soon as “NOW” is displayed)

10000 fuel burn to start next climb.

 

 

 

Fuel burn entry format XXXXX value 10000 to 60000

 

The cruise altitude can be changed in the PERF INIT, CLB or CRZ pages. Or, you can select a new cruise altitude on the MCP and push the Altitude Selector knob. When the cruise altitude is changed, VNAV will automatically begin the climb to the new altitude.

 

 

FL168 - the entered cruise altitude

450 - the modified cruise speed

STEP SIZE - the number of feet to climb. (If this is the standard 4000 feet, “ICAO” is displayed)

ECON is displayed when the cruise speed has been manually modified

 

 

 

 

 

 

Click on the left-hand switch corresponding to either SEL SPD or ECON to restore the original standard economic speed. (The same procedure is also used with the CLIMB and DESCENT economic speeds.)

 

CRUISE SPEEDS CALCULATED BY FMC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CRUISE SPEED CALCULATD BY THE FMC IN JSGPanels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOEING 747-8 PANEL

Update V 747-X06

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FMCentered Cost Index  >

1

5000

9999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALTITUDE

 

 

 

MAX SPEED

 

 

FLxxx (x100 feet)

 

 

 

(Approximative)

 

 

 

CALCULATED SPEED

(knots)

 

 

50

379

399

419

380

 

 

100

398

419

440

410

 

 

150

417

439

462

440

 

 

200

437

460

483

470

 

 

250

456

480

504

500

 

 

300

475

500

525

540

 

 

350

494

520

546

530

 

 

400

514

540

565

527

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The (VNAV) MOD ECON DES page                                 FMC SUMMARY

 

 

FL275 - the entered cruise altitude

0.467/ 300 - economic descent speed

280/ 10000 - the transition descent speed and altitude

SPD RSTR - the restricted airport vicinity speed and altitude

 

 

 

KOFFA - the ident of the next waypoint

 

[TRANS ALT deceleration altitude

 

APPROACH calls the APPROACH page

 

In VNAV DES, the aircraft will descend at this economic speed unless the aircraft is below the restriction or transition altitudes set on this page. These speeds can be manually changed.

 

As for the climb process, below the speed transition altitude the speed will be limited to the speed displayed in the SPD TRANS line. If a speed restriction is entered, it will also be taken into account in the calculation. The resulting speed will be the lower of these speeds.

 

There are two ways of changing the current descent speed:

q A new speed can be entered in the ECON SPD line. When this is done the title of the line changes to SEL SPD. The ECON symbol is then displayed and the entered value will be the new target speed. Entered speeds can be deleted by clicking on ECON.

 

q An MCP speed intervention can be carried out. Normally in VNAV the MCP speed window is blank. However, if you push the MCP speed selector, the SPD window will unblank and display the currently instructed descent speed. After this, the speed displayed in the SPD window can be adjusted and will then override all speeds computed by the FMC. This mode is indicated by the page title of the DES page changing to ACT MCP SPD DES. To resume FMC speed control, push the speed selector knob again - this blanks the MCP SPD window and returns control to the FMC.

 

Both methods of manual speed control override any currently-active speed restrictions and permit the selection of higher speeds.

 

SPD/TRANS entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

SPD/REST entry format: XXX/XXXXX

 

In the VNAV pages, when a value has been entered in SPD TRANS or TRANS ALT, clicking on the corresponding < will reset the original value.

 

 

TRANSIT ALTITUDE

 

The descent transit altitude can be entered in the FMC:

 

 

Entry format:  XXX corresponding to the FLxxx descent transit altitude and click on the corresponding right switch. XXX must be less than 350.

Click again on the right switch to set it back to 0.

 

When descending, the ECON DESCENT SPEED, under TRANSIT ALTITUDE, remains set at 300 knots. Above TRANSIT ALTITUDE, the ECON DESCENT SPEED is set as follows:

 

Above TRANSIT ALTITUDE airspeed is set to 400, Mach 0.69.

Under TRANSIT ALTITUDE airspeed is set to 300, Mach 0.45.

 

(This is intended, if cruise altitude and speed are above this value. If not, ECON DESCENT SPEED is set.)

 

 

NEW DESCENT CONTROL

 

 

DESCENT: descent is triggered by 2 events. The first event happening triggers descent:

1 - WAYPOINT TOD (Top Of Descent) is reached,

2 - Rule of the 1/3: for example when flying at FL300 you must start descent at 300/3=100 nm to the destination airport.

In this case a warning message "Descent xx nm" is displayed from 120 to 100 nm then at 100 nm a message "Descend" is displayed.

Then click on the corresponding right switch to start descent. A new click restores the flight plan.

Descent starts with a V/S of 1500 and a target ALTITUDE = Airport Destination Altitude + 2500 feet which allows to reach ILS.

This process avoid to descent at a very high Vertical Speed programmed by the FSX flight planner.

DESCENT SPEED: the ECON SPEED is normally 300 for descent and 280 for TRANSIT SPEED. You can modify these speeds as follows:

 

- ECON SPEED: type in a speed and click on the corresponding left switch. In this case, this speed will also be entered in the TRANSIT SPEED. Click on the ECON switch to restore the standard 280 speed.

 

 

 

 

- TRANSIT SPEED: type in a speed and click on the corresponding left switch. A new click restores the original speed at 280.

 

IMPORTANT REMARK: the instructions given by ATC for descent and approach are often different from the flight plan. Either flight without ATC or obey to the ATC instructions.

 

 

The APPROACH page                                                    FMC SUMMARY

 

The current aircraft weight when approaching is displayed. When this is greater than the MAXIMUM LANDING WEIGHT (MLW) the display blinks. (The MLW of the Boeing 747-8 is 652000 pounds.):

 

 

 

 

The LEGS pages (page 1 of n pages)                           FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the LEGS pages, press the LEGS key then PREV PAGE or NEXT PAGE.

 

 

KPHX to KJFK - the current active flight plan

KPHX  - waypoint ident

259° - the heading to the next waypoint

68 nm - the distance to the next waypoint

1 - waypoint number

 

 

 

 

95 nm - total distance since

departure

18499 ft - the altitude of the next waypoint (updated during the flight)

 

PROGRESS calls the PROGRESS page

 

 

The present version of the FMC does not permit the modification of waypoint altitudes.

 

REMARK - the altitudes are updated during the flight by Flight Simulator.

 

The last LEGS page (page n of n)                               FMC SUMMARY

 

 

 

 

REMARK - the waypoint altitudes are updated one by one during the flight

 

16775 - the altitude of the next waypoint

1881 - total distance to arrival airport

 16775 waypoint altitude altitude (updated when flying)

PROGRESS calls the PROGRESS page

 

 

 

 

The PROGRESS page                                              FMC SUMMARY

 

To access this page, click on PROGRESS > in any of the LEGS pages.

 

BLH  - last waypoint

TRM - TO waypoint, distance, ETA and fuel

SLI - NEXT waypoint, distance, ETA and fuel

KLAX - destination airport distance, time and calculated fuel remaining on arrival

RTE LEGS calls the ROUTE LEGS page

408.2 – fuel remaining

406.0  - estimated fuel remaining at this point

in the flight

401.5  - estimated fuel remaining next waypoint

399.9  - estimated fuel remaining at destination

 

 

 

 

MDTF: MAXIMUM DISTANCE TO FLY. Maximum distance to fly with the remaining fuel in tanks.

 

MFT: MAXIMUM FLIGHT TIME. Maximum time to fly with the remaining fuel.

 

These are rounded values depending on speed and load.

 

 

The HOLD pages                                                     FMC SUMMARY

 

The HOLD FUNCTION is accessible ONLY when a route has been entered in the FMC. Three options are possible:

a)      PPOS  - immediate hold at present altitude and speed,

b)      TGT ALTITUDE - hold when a given altitude is reached,

c)      WPT - hold when a waypoint is reached, at a given altitude and speed.

 

PPOS HOLD FUNCTION

 

Click on the PPOS switch on the right-hand side of the FMC:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TGT ALT calls the TARGET ALTITUDE HOLD page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PPOS - calls the PPOS HOLD page

 

 

You then get HOLD PAGE 2. Enter R for a right turn or L for a left turn. Click on the PPOS left switch. The process starts immediately:

 

 

TARGET ALTITUDE HOLD FUNCTION

 

Click on the TGT ALT switch on the left-hand side of the FMC:

 

 

You then get the HOLD PAGE 2. Enter R for right or L for left turn. Enter the desired speed and altitude. Then click on the right SPD / TGT ALT switch to enter the data.

 

Entry format is XXX/XXXXX or XXX or /XXXXX, where XXX is the speed in Knots and XXXXX is the altitude in feet.

 

Then click on the left-hand switch to start the process:

 

 

 

WAYPOINT HOLD FUNCTION

 

In the first HOLD PAGE enter the desired speed and altitude for the Hold function. Then click on the right-hand switch corresponding to the desired waypoint. In the following example, we want to hold at waypoint Blythe (BLH) and maintain 300 knots at 17000 feet:

 

 

Then click on the left TGT ALT switch to get HOLD PAGE 2. Enter R for a right turn or L for a left turn. Then click on the upper left switch to initialize the process. The Hold function will start automatically when waypoint BLH is reached and the aircraft will try to reach the requested speed and altitude:

 

 

In all three cases:

a)      The speed and altitude entered in the FMC MUST be coherent with the flying situation. For example, do not request to fly at 18000 feet to the next waypoint if the altitude at the previous one was 5000 feet and the altitude at the one after next will bet 8000 feet!!! The FMC can not replace the captain!!

b)      To exit the process, just click on the EXIT HOLD switch on the right-hand side. The aircraft will then exit AFTER the current 360° turn has been completed.

c)      In case of an emergency you can stop the process either while entering data or immediately at any moment during loop by clicking on the left REMOVE HOLD switch. This stops the loop and restores the preceding mode.

d)     When hold is terminated the FMC goes back to the preceding flying mode. That means, if you were in LNAV and VNAV, LNAV and VNAV are restored and the aircraft goes back to the activated Flightplan and continues on track. Otherwise, the preceding SPEED and VS are restored.

e)      A hold pattern is displayed in the MFD to show the track during the hold process.

f)       You can go from one page to the other using the switches PREV or NEXT PAGE.

 

Hold track exemple:

 

 

 

 

 

The COM RADIO page                                                   FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the COM RADIO page, press the FMC COMM key

 

 

122.950 - the COMM 1 active radio frequency

118.000 - the COMM 1 standby radio frequency

 

1200 - the transponder code

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

119.900 - the COMM 2 active radio frequency

121.700 - the COMM 2 standby radio frequency

 

 

 

The transponder code and both the active and standby COMM 1 and 2 frequencies are all directly entered using the scratch pad.

 

The entry formats are XXX.XXX for the radio frequencies and XXXX for the transponder code. The radio frequencies can either be entered directly into the FMC or by clicking on the radio window of the main panel.

 

COMM RADIO SEARCH

 

To list the COMMs at an airport, click on the button to the left of “ICAO CODE”. “ICAO CODE” is then highlighted. Enter the ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example, enter K then P then H then X. The FMC then displays details of the first five COMM LIST items. Click on PREVIOUS or NEXT PAGE to list the previous or following ones.

 

To go back to the FMC COMM RADIO page, click on the button to the left of “COMM PAGE”.

 

 

Click on the right button automatically loads the corresponding COMM frequency into RADIO COMM 1.

 

Clicking on the “Clear” button cancels the current search.

 

 

The NAV RADIO page                                                    FMC SUMMARY

 

To access the NAV RADIO page, press the NAV RAD key

 

 

115.60 - the current active NAV1 frequency

110.60 - the standby NAV1 frequency

340 - the NAV1 course (-10 radial)

353.000 - the ADF left radial

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

113.30 - the current active NAV2 frequency

109.60 - the standby NAV2 frquency

340 - the NAV2 course (-81 radial)

0.00  - the ADF right radial (ADF2 does not seem to be operational)

 

 

The active and standby NAV radios and the CRS and ADF can be entered using the scratchpad and then clicking on the corresponding < or >.

 

When the NAV1 active radio is found to be an ILS, it is also displayed in the ILS-MLS area.

 

The OBS must be updated in exactly the same way as in the NAV RADIO window of the Main Panel.

 

NAV radios entry format: XXX.XX

 

OBS entry format for NAV: XXX

 

 

BACK COURSE FUNCTION

 

When VOR1 is detected to be an ILS you can start the Back Course function. Click on the corresponding left-hand switch. The ILS code is then changed to “***BC***” as shown in the following picture. The Autopilot Master must be ON to make BC operational. Then, when taking off the aircraft will follow the ILS beam straight ahead away from the runway:

 

 

 

 

Click on the Autopilot APP switch or the FMC left switch to disconnect Back Course. Remember the Back Course DOES NOT control the altitude and the ILS is the one in front of the aircraft.

 

VOR ILS RADIO SEARCH

 

To find a VOR code, click on the button to the left of “ICAO CODE”. “ICAO CODE” is then highlighted. Enter the 3 digit ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example, click on P then X then R. Then click on the button to the left of “VALID” to validate what you have entered. Once this has been done, the keyboard is unlocked and the FMC displays the VOR name and code.

 

 

To list the ILSs at an airport, click on the button to the left of “ICAO CODE”. Enter the 4 digit ICAO CODE by clicking directly on the alphanumeric FMC keyboard. In the following example click on K then P then H then X. Then click on the button to the left of “VALID” to validate what you have entered. Once this has been done, the keyboard is unlocked and the FMC displays details of up to five ILSs. Click on PREVIOUS or NEXT PAGE to list the following or previous ones.

 

To go back to the FMC NAV RADIO page, click on the button to the left of “NAV PAGE”.

 

 

Clicking on the button to the right of an ILS automatically loads the corresponding ILS frequency into RADIO NAV1.

 

Clicking on the “Clear” button cancels the current search.

 

 

THE FIX PAGE                                                      FMC SUMMARY

 

FIX COMMAND: click on the right switch to start/stop the process.

 

Fix ON means aircraft goes to the VOR1 if this one is detected. No way out is programmed.

 

If you STOP FIX, aircraft will go back to LNAV. If you do not stop the FIX process, aircraft will continue same heading beyond the VOR1. At any time you can return to manual MCP command. The goal is to respond to the ATC command: "go to a specific point and then HOLD" when airport is busy to wait.

 

 

 

 

115.60 is the NAV1 frequency

259/57.0 is the radial the aircraft is ON and the DME1

12 TTE

 

 

INDEX calls the INDEX page

 

 

FIX COMMAND: switch the FIX function ON/OFF

ALT: target altitude.

 

 

 

 

THRUST LIMIT calls the THRUST LIMIT window

 

If no ALTITUDE is entered, only the heading is adjusted and aircraft continues in VNAV mode. If an ALTITUDE is entered, then VNAV is stopped and aircraft will climb or descent depending on aircraft altitude and FIX ALTITUDE.

 

RAD/DIS: radial of VOR1 and DME.

 

TTE: time to the FIX point.

 

ETA: estimated time arrival at the FIX point (local time).

 

DTG: distance to next GPS waypoint of the flightplan.

 

FIX ALT: target altitude.

 

Entry format is: XXX corresponding to FLxxx as in VNAV’s windows. The VS is automatically set to -1800 or +1800 depending on whether the aircraft altitude or target altitude is greater.

 

 

 

FLIGHT CHANGE SWITCH                                   FMC SUMMARY

 

Some users have requested not to use the FLIGHT CHANGE OPTION. When this option is ON, in standard mode, the VS and ALTITUDE are locked and, in order to modify these, it is necessary to switch FLCH “ON” to unlock them.

 

A new option has been included in the FMC INIT REF PAGE which allows you to cancel this option. Just click on the corresponding right-hand switch:

 

 

The FLCH switch is then inhibited and VS and ALTITUDE can be changed at any time.

 

 

PUSHBACK                                                           FMC SUMMARY

 

You can also use the FMC to control the PUSHBACK from a gate. Thus:

 

FIRST SOLUTION: clic on “P” starts/stops the pushback. In this case, the aircraft will not turn.

 

SECOND SOLUTION:

 

1 - Click on the PUSHBACK switch on right-hand side of the MENU window of the FMC.

 

 

 

 

2 - Enter the PUSHBACK LENGTH in feet (maximum 999, 230 is the length of the aircraft), the side to turn “L” or “R” (left or right) and the ANGLE to turn in degrees (from 1 to 180). Click on START when ready to start the pushback.

 

 

Click STOP to stop the process at any moment for an emergency.

 

 

 

THE CHECKLISTS PAGE                                      FMC SUMMARY

 

 

The co-pilot will tell you the checklists one by one when you request him to do it. First click on the button to the left of “FMC INDEX”.

 

 

You get the INDEX WINDOW:

 

 

Then click on the button to the right of “CHECKLISTS”. You get the CHECKLISTS WINDOW.

 

 

Then click on the button corresponding to the checklist you want the co-pilot to read out to you.

 

Click on the button to the left of “INDEX” to terminate the activity.

 

 

 

THE TCAS PAGES                                                 FMC SUMMARY

 

 

The TCAS FMC pages may be accessed by “Index” then “TCAS”.

 

The First page allows adjusting MFD parameters:

 

 

 

The second page displays detailed lists of aircraft according to the selection in the page 3. For example the “In air aircraft”:

 

 

 

The page 3 allows selecting the vehicles to be listed, the TA and RA distances, the TA and RA altitude and the radius of the search.

 

 

TA DISTANCE: format XX in miles from RA distance to 40.

RA DISTANCE: format XX in miles from 1 to TA distance.

 

TA ALTITUDE: format XXXX in feet from RA altitude to 9900.

RA ALTITUDE: format XXXX in feet from 1 to TA altitude.

 

RADIUS: value maximum is 50 miles. The RADIUS is the distance maximum of the aircraft to be listed in page 2. IMPORTANT REMARK: in the MFD the aircraft in a radius of 50 nm will always be displayed BUT in the list only those in the radius are listed.

 

AIRCRAFT NUMBER:

 

This parameter is the number of aircraft controlled by the TCAS. Number is 1 to 5. Even with the FSX TRAFFIC set to maximum, in great airport with a heavy traffic, the number of aircraft found by TCAS is generally of maximum 4. Adjust this number to enhance the frame rate.

 

 

 

TCAS AND TRAFFIC OPTIONS:

 

The TRAFFIC may be set On or Off: click on the corresponding switch on the right.

 

 

 

The TCAS may be set On or Off: click on the corresponding switch on the left.

 

 

 

EXAMPLE OF THE TRAFFIC IN A VERY BUSY AIRPORT:

 

 

 

 

THE TAXI PAGE                                                   FMC SUMMARY

 

The TAXI page is accessed by MENU/TAXI.

 

 

Click on the TAXI PAGE switch in the MENU PAGE to access this page.

 

Then you can adjust the TAXI SPEED from 0 to 25. The click on START or STOP to start up to the taxi speed or stop the aircraft: Note that setting PARKING BRAKE stops definitively the process. When brakes only are pressed, for exemple ";" the the aircraft stops the time the key is pressed. As soon as the key is not pressed the aircraft restart at the specified taxi speed.

 

In the above exemple 25 is the entered taxi speed and the second value is the actual GROUND SPEED.

 

 

 

BRIGHTNESS OF THE FMC

 

To adjust the brightness of the FMC, turn the following button on the FMC:

 

 

 

 

4 - 6 ENGINES THROTTLE                summary of the document

 

 

The complete throttle window includes engines commands plus autobrake, NO SMOKING and SEAT BELT signs, ailerons and rudder trims commands.

 

 

 

The click areas for the AIRSPEED BRAKE are in two parts. Right: drag upper or lower. Left: move step by step the airspeed brake lever. This allows adjust the airspeed brake to lower speed when descending:

 

 

When moving the flaps handle from 5 to 10 or 10 to 5, the handle jumps over a wedge as in the actual Boeing 747.

 

 

4 – 7 – MOVING YOKE AND MOVING PEDALS

                                                                   summary of the document

 

Last but not the least the YOKE and PEDALS move. They are connected to your manual yoke when the Autopilot is OFF (ailerons, pitch trim and rudder). When the autopilot is ON the YOKE is connected to the Ailerons and the PEDALS are connected to the Spoilers and they both move as the aircraft itself moves

The Yoke turns from –90° to +90° and move BACK and FORTH.

The click areas have been enlarged to better adapt them to the –90° to +90° rotation of the yoke. Nevertheless, it is not possible to define circular areas with a mouse, and, for this reason, they are not perfect.

The clip on the yoke is moving UP and DOWN to keep in sight FLAPS and GEAR positions during take off and landing phases. You can adjust it with the mouse by clicking directly on the desired position or pulling it up or down.

 

 

 

4 - 8 AUDIO ENHANCEMENTS TO THE PANEL

                                                            summary of the document

First remark: there are already several software packages that contain sounds, voices, etc… If you do not want to use the sounds included with this package, all you have to do is not copy or delete the GLx06Sound7478.dll file from your /Flight Simulator X/gauges/… folder. You can then continue to use your own software. That’s all!

 

Second remark: the sound gauge is designed to work ONLY with JSGPanels 747-8 panel.

 

While adding sound at all greatly enhances the realism of the simulation, this is my first attempt at doing so and the result is not perfect. But then nothing ever is perfect! However, rest assured that it will be enhanced in the future, taking into account your criticisms and/or suggestions. Thanks in advance for your help.

 

The voice on these .wav files is my own and unfortunately my voice is not that of a great bass singer! If you do not like the result, feel free to re-record using your own voice or someone else’s. If you decide to keep the files with my voice on, you will have the chance to have a French co-pilot with you!!! If you don’t, fine, but there is ONE RESTRICTION. YOU MUST ALWAYS KEEP EXACTLY THE SAME NAMES FOR THE .wav FILES!

 

IMPORTANT REMARK: WHEN INITIALIZING THE PANEL, FLIGHT SIMULATOR CHECKS THAT ALL FILES ARE PRESENT. IF ONLY ONE IS NOT PRESENT IN THE SOUND FOLDER, THE PANEL WILL NOT BE LOADED AND FLIGHT SIMULATOR WILL DISPLAY AN ERROR MESSAGE.

 

The sounds start to play about 10 seconds after the panel has been initialized - just the right amount of time for your co-pilot to get himself settled down comfortably in his armchair!

 

 

4 - 8 - 1 MOVING PARTS

 

All the noisy switches (mainly the rotating ones) on MAIN and OVERHEAD panels and THROTTLE are has sounds attached to them and you will hear the clicks, clacs or crunches whenever you move them. The list of these switches includes the parking brake, the flaps and the gear handle. You will also hear the famous CREW CALL, NO SMOKE and SEAT BELT signals.

 

 

4 - 8 - 2 DEVICES WITH SOUNDS ATTACHED

 

The APU, CLIMATISATION FANS, FUEL EMERGENCY SWITCH, AIR FRESH, WINDOWS HEAT, WINDOW WASHER and WIPER also have sounds attached. Remember the engines can only be started when the APU and PACKS switches are OFF and the APU can only be started when the engines are stopped.

 

 

4 - 8 - 3 COPILOT

 

You have a COPILOT with you and he informs you regularly about many important events during the flight. You will hear him speaking in your right speaker since he is seated at your right. What does he do?

 


1.      He reports the manoeuvring of the PARKING BRAKE, SPOILERS, FLAPS, GEAR POSITIONS and the AUTOPILOT switches. He calls out “V1”, “VR” and “V2” and “Take Off”, “Landed”.

 

REMARKS:

      Most of the time, only the SET ON position of switches is confirmed to avoid playing a lot of SET OFF sounds simultaneously when one is set ON.

 

      At initialization you will hear the famous “touuuuut!” you often hear in aircraft to tell you the sound package is ready.

 

2.      He reminds you to set the ANTI ICE switches if you forget them before take off, and reports when the aircraft reaches 10000ft, 15000ft … and, finally, cruise altitude are reached.

3.      When requested to, he will recite the CHECKLISTS you ask for.

4.      The DIGITALIZED COCKPIT VOICE: alerts you when some incident occurs such as WINDSHEAR, or too deep PITCH, BANK ANGLE or GLIDESLOPE. You will also get FLAPS ALERT if you increase engine power while taxiing and your ground speed rises to more than 25 without the flaps being at least at the 10 position. In addition this voice will, during an approach, report when the altitude above ground is 2500 ft, 1000ft, 500ft, 400ft, 40ft, 20ft, 10ft and will end by saying “minimum” (depending on which minimum value you have selected).

 

5.      If a flightplan is active in the FMC, a 4 bells gong alerts you when you arrive less than four miles from the next WAYPOINT and a 1 bell gong sounds when the aircraft changes to the next waypoint and also when CRUISE ALTITUDE is reached.

 

6.      Of course, the Co-pilot also reports if any FAILURE occurs with ENGINES, PITOT, VACUUM, and other devices. In the case of the engines: he tells you, when an engine starts or stops, if any failure occurs and if the OIL TEMPERATURE is over 115.

 


4 - 8 - 4 BEACONS

 

Passing an airport beacons results in 3, 2 or 1 bips, according to whether it is the OUTER, MEDIUM or INNER beacon.

 

 

4 – 8 – 5 GPWS

 

The GROUND POSITIONING WARNING SYSTEM is, of course, included and you will hear the digitalized voice telling 2500, 1000, 500,….50, 40, 20,10.

 

IMPORTANT REMARK: the message “Don’t sink” is often played by mistake. This one is played by FSX NOT by the panel itself.

 

4 - 8 - 6 SOUND LEVEL ADJUSTMENT

 

You can adjust the sound level using the small button at the bottom of the PFD:

 

 

 

4 - 8 - 7 SEVERAL SOUNDS PLAYED AT THE SAME TIME

 

In some particular and very few cases, several sounds are be played all together simultaneously. This occurs when one only switch operates to modify several functions. We will try to enhance this problem in future versions.

 

 

4 - 8 - 8 KNOWN ERROR

 

At intialization of the panel, the engine sound is too loud. SOLUTION: push the throttle to MAXIMUM then pull it back to 0. The sounds then become normal.

 

 

 

4 - 9 – MISCELLANEOUS                   summary of the document

 

 

POINT OF VIEW

 

You can adjust the zoom and display the virtual cockpit by a hidden switch:

 

 

AIR

 

For the fun, the crank on the central console behind the yoke is moving. Used in the actual 747, to provide pure air if necessary in case of a inboard fire.

 

 

PARKING BRAKE

 

The Parking Brake press light can be switched ON or OFF.

 

CLOCK SWITCH

The switch on the upper left part of the Main Panel STARTS, STOPS and ZEROES the clock. This and the one on the upper left on the clock itself are actually redundant but, being present in the actual 747, have been added to be as accurate as possible:

 

 

 

BACKUP HSI

 

When PITOT HEAT is not activated a red little arm is lowered in the backup HSI to show this may be not operational when climbing at a high altitude:

 

 

BACKUP SPEED

 

The clips turning the BACKUP SPEED dial move. To move them click directly on the dial itself:

 

 

RADIOS WINDOWS BRIGHTNESS

 

The two little switches are operational.

 

 

NAV1

 

For flying using the NAV1 without the FMC and Flightplan; just switch LNAV (and of course AUTOPILOT) ON.

 

 

WIPER

 

A Windscreen Wiper is included. The On/Off switch is situated on the Overhead Panel:

 

 

 

YOKE

To be accurate to the actual 747 the Master Autopilot can be turned ON or OFF with the little switch on the left arm of the yoke:

 

 

 

LOADS

 

 

There is no control of maximum loads in FS, so we have added the MAXIMUM loads for each particular station load. They are displayed in the FS load window to help you control the maximum load of the aircraft:

 

 

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Just for fun, all the switches on the left-hand and right-hand sides of the Main Panel move.

 

 

4 – 10 – FAILURES MANAGEMENT

                                                  summary of the document

 

A feature of Flight Simulator allows the simulation of failures in one or more items of equipment, either immediately or at some randomly-selected time in the future. The panel supports this feature and, if a failure occurs, the corresponding equipment is marked 'out of order' in the following way:

PFD WINDOW:

PFD: A flashing red message is displayed in the middle of the display. HEADING, ALTITUDE and AIRSPEED: the heading counter flashes red. AUTOCOORDINATOR: a flashing red message is displayed in the MISC window and the Autocoordinator Pointer in the PFD tilts to the right, indicating "dead".

 

VACUUM SYSTEM:

The two pressure indicators in the OVERHEAD panel reset to zero, a flashing red message is displayed in the MISC window and the HSI tilts to the right, indicating "dead". (If this happens an emergency recovery process is available - if you click on the small pushbutton to the left of the two vacuum pressure indicators, the pressure goes back to "normal" and the PFD becomes operational again.)

 

PITOT:

The AIRSPEED display flashes red and a flashing red message is displayed in the MISC window.

 

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT:

(This is the worst situation you can meet with.) All windows become "black". If this happens, pray for your preferred God, take the yoke firmly in your hands and try to descent slowly to the next airport you manage to see.

 

 

RADIOs:

COMM1, COMM2, XPNDR and/or ADF1 flash red.

ENGINES:

If an engine fails the normal display will indicate this. No emergency is possible but, with luck, you will still have three good ones left!!!

ENGINES FIRE

If an engine is on fire, the corresponding DISCHARGE overhead switch blinks:

Click on this switch will stop the fire. The stopping process takes about 10 seconds.

AVIONICS:

A flashing red message is displayed in the middle of the PFD and all the radios become "black".

FUEL:

Each fuel tank displays red in the Fuel window in the FMC when the quantity of fuel in that tank is less than 10%.

COMPASS:

This flashes red.

 

5- PERFORMANCES AND TESTING

                                                                   summary of the document

This panel was designed and tested on an Dell XPS8500 with Intel Core I7-2600 CPU 3.4 GHz and 8.0 GBytes memory, with an ATI Radeon HD 5700 video card and Windows 7 ©. It runs correctly on this machine and there should be no problems with running it on a more powerful machine but it is possible that it will not run correctly on a less powerful one and so this cannot be guaranteed.

6 – CREDITS                                           summary of the document

a)      Jean Luc BOINET for the excellent photographs he allowed us to include in this panel and also for beta-testing the panel.

b)      Bill HICKMAN for editing the whole documentation and support.

c)      PLUS all those who participated in the preceding versions of this panel. AND again:

d)     BOEING for the 747-8 itself, a truly marvellous aircraft. We have tried to be as accurate as possible to the photographs on their Internet site. We hope we have managed to do the aircraft justice.

e)      FLIGHTSIM.COM for such a great Internet site, providing help and housing so many files to make flight simulation such a fantastic experience.

f)       FS PILOT SHOP who supports us and sales JSGPANELS products.

g)      MICROSOFT (last but not least!) and the people who have over so many years developed the software which allows each of us the opportunity to try to 'fly' such aircraft as the 747-8. The evolution from the earliest versions of Flight Simulator to the present one is truly amazing.

7 – AUTHOR’S RESPONSIBILITY

                                                                   summary of the document

The product has been extensively tested before being released. If you install it as described above we cannot see how it could harm your computer. However, since its use is of course outside our control, we have to say that you use it at your own risk.

8 – GUARANTEE                                  summary of the document

The product is described in detail in the documentation so that you can have a very good idea of what it is and what it does before purchasing it. As with any software, it cannot be guaranteed to be bug free but, if you do encounter a problem, we will do our best to provide a correction as soon as possible. However it is assumed that anyone using the product will already have sufficient knowledge of both Flight Simulator FSX AND the Boeing 747-400 to use it intelligently and the author reserves the right to refuse to enter into correspondence about problems arising from a lack of basic knowledge in these areas. The pictures presented in this document are not contractual.

 

9 - COPYRIGHT AND DISTRIBUTION

                                                                   summary of the document

a)      THIS PRODUCT IS RELEASED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND.

b)      THE PRODUCT CANNOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE RE-DISTRIBUTED IN WHOLE OR IN PART WITHOUT THE PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR.

c)      THE INCLUSION OF ANY INDIVIDUAL FILE FROM THIS PRODUCT IN ANY OTHER PRODUCT WITHOUT THE PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR IS PROHIBITED.

d)     NO EXTRA CHARGE MAY FOR ANY REASON BE MADE FOR ANY PART OF THIS PRODUCT.

e)      ALL GAUGES ARE THE COPYRIGHT (C) OF THEIR RESPECTIVE AUTHORS. THE PANEL, .BMP FILES AND .CFG FILES ARE COPYRIGHT (C) TO JSGPANELS. NO GAUGES CAN BE REDISTRIBUTED EITHER BY THEMSELVES OR AS PART OF ANY OTHER PRODUCT WITHOUT PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION FROM THEIR RESPECTIVE AUTHORS.

f)       ALL PARTS OF THE GAUGES ARE INCLUDED IN THE RESPECTIVE COPYRIGHTS. THIS INCLUDES THE CODE, THE BITMAPS AND THE SOUNDS!

g)      THE AUTHOR'S RIGHTS AND WISHES CONCERNING THIS PRODUCT MUST BE RESPECTED.

 

DO NOT MAKE ANY ILLEGAL COPY.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

HAPPY LANDINGS !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

2013-04

Copyright JSGPanels © 2013

 

 

10 – WHERE TO CLICK

 

FORWARD PANEL

                                              summary of the document

 

 

 

MCP

                                              summary of the document

 

 

 

OVERHEAD

                                              summary of the document

 

 

 

FMC

                                                     summary of the document

 

 

 

THROTTLE